YANKS asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

英文to be的省略

I thought him (to be) an honest man. I believe him (to be) an honest man.

請問I know him to be an honest man.的to be可以省略嗎?

3 Answers

Rating
  • 8 years ago
    Best Answer

    I thought him (to be) an honest man.

    I believe him (to be) an honest man.

    請問I know him to be an honest man.的to be可以省略嗎?

    不可以.

    因為think, regard, consider等是不完全及物動詞, 有授與動詞的特性, 故可省略

    to be 或 as, 成為雙賓(IO與DO)句型;

    而believe是完全及物動詞, 沒有授與動詞的特性, 故後面的to be 或 as 不可省略.

    2011-08-16 08:48:11 補充:

    know也是完全及物動詞, 沒有授與動詞的特性, 同樣不可省略to be 或as.

    2011-08-16 13:40:55 補充:

    光是不完全及物動詞還不夠, 重點是須有授與動詞的特性.

    再舉一例:

    They elected him to be the president.

    = They elected him as the president.

    = They elected him the president. <--- 雙賓結構, elected就是授與動詞.

    惟此種轉換未必「可逆」;

    也就是說, 並非所有的授與動詞都是從可省略to be 或as而成的.

    Source(s): *Infinito*
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    to think somebody something(不需要加to be)

    to believe somebody something(不需要加to be)

    to know somebody to be sometiing(不能省略to be)

    或to know somebody as something

    以上的動詞都屬於[不完全及物動詞],所以後面的[受詞補語]應用[不定詞片語]或直接用[名詞]或加介系詞as後再加名詞,須視動詞的不同習慣用法而異。應逐字查字典較保險。

    Source(s): Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 2007 edition
  • 8 years ago

    To be or not to be, that is the question.

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