HardAss asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 10 years ago

What is the Arab History in Palestine?

Early History of Palestine

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  • Anonymous
    10 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    Arabs are not a singular people. Origins are complex and intermingled with many peoples and lines. According to tradition, true Arabs are descendants of Abraham and his son Ishmael and prior to the 20th century, “Arab” designated the Bedouin, tribal-based society of the Arabian desert, which is the birthplace of Arabic. Other Arabs are ethnic groups that have been extant in their lands of origin for millennia. Modern Arab nationalism is a product of 19th- and 20th-century developments and has no prior historical basis. Before the rise of nationalism, most Arabic-speakers identified themselves as members of a particular family or tribe; as residents of a village, town, or region; as Muslims, Christians, or Jews; or as subjects of large political entities such as the Ottoman empire.

    Historians generally agree that the ancient Semitic peoples (Assyrians, Aramaeans, Canaanites (including the Phoenicians and Hebrews) and, later, the Arabs themselves) migrated into the area of the Fertile Crescent. Arab invasions came after successive crises of overpopulation in the Arabian Peninsula beginning in the third millennium BC and ending with the Muslim conquests of the 7th century AD. These peoples spoke languages based on similar linguistic structures, and the modern Semitic languages of Arabic, Hebrew, and Amharic (the language of Ethiopia) maintain important similarities.

    In approx. 1200 BC, the Petra area (in modern Jordan, about 80 kilometers south of the Dead Sea) was populated by Edomites, descended from Esau according to the Bible, and was known as Edom (“red”). Before the Israelites arrived in Canaan and repeatedly battled with them, the Edomites controlled the fertile valleys from the Red Sea at Elath to the Dead Sea, and hence the trade routes from Arabia in the south to Damascus in the north.

    Subsequently, the Nabataeans, one of many Arab tribes, migrated into Edom, forcing the Edomites to move into southern Palestine. By 312 BC the Nabataeans occupied Petra and made it the capital of their kingdom. The Edomites were later forcibly converted into Judaism by John Hyrcanus (died 105 BC), and then became an active part of the Jewish people. Petra prospered as the principal city of the Nabataean empire from 400 BC to AD 106 when it was absorbed by the Romans. The Nabataeans flourished in the spice trade and engineered an impressive hydraulic engineering system of pipes, tunnels, and channels that carried drinking water into the city and reduced the chance of flash floods.

    After the Roman conquest of Judea, the Nabataeans and others, “Palastina” became a province of the pagan Roman Empire and then of the Christian Byzantine Empire, and very briefly of the Zoroastrian Persian Empire. In 638 AD, an Arab-Muslim Caliph took Palastina away from the Byzantine Empire and made it part of an Arab-Muslim Empire. The Arabs, who had no name of their own for this region, adopted the Greco-Roman name Palastina, that they pronounced “Falastin”.

    In 1099, Christian Crusaders from Europe conquered Palestine and took Jerusalem. After 1099, it was never again under Arab rule. The Christian Crusader kingdom lasted less than 100 years. Thereafter, Palestine was joined to Syria as a subject province first of the Egyptian Mameluks, and then of the Ottoman Turks, whose capital was in Istanbul.

  • lwhhow
    Lv 7
    10 years ago

    The people we now call 'Arabs' arrived in Palestine from neighboring Arabia through invasion in 638AD and have over a 1300 year history in Palestine. The 'Arab' history in Palestine is just about as long as the Jewish history in Palestine (and the Christians had a several century history there too).

    By the time of Mohammad's death (who Muslims believe was a prophet of God) in 632AD Mohammad had united all Arabia under Islam and himself and was ready to expand further, but then died. The other big powers at that time in the world were the Roman Empire and Persian Empire both of whom had just beaten each other mostly to death in a long 25 year war against each other.

    The Roman Empire had held Palestine for over 400 years.

    When Mohammad died, an old man 'Abu Bakr' was chosen as the next leader of the Muslims and Arabs, but he was elderly and only lasted 2 years. Next was a top Arab and Muslim general named Umar (Omar) who took over in 634AD. He wasted no time in attacking 'both' the exhausted Roman and Persian Empires at the same time. He destroyed the Persian Empire forever and took half the lands of the Eastern Roman Empire (the Western half had meantime collapsed), including Palestine in 638AD, which was surrendered peacefully by the then ruling Roman Christians to avoid further bloodshed. The Arabs then came first as rulers, then as settlers among the previous populations.

    Source(s): Good sources on this would be basic fact books like Harvards Encyclopedia of History.
  • Erika
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    the human beings we now call 'Arabs' arrived in Palestine from neighboring Arabia by using invasion in 638AD and have over a 1300 twelve months historic past in Palestine. The 'Arab' historic past in Palestine is virtually as long because of the fact the Jewish historic past in Palestine (and the Christians had a numerous century historic past there too). by employing the time of Mohammad's dying (who Muslims believe develop right into a prophet of God) in 632AD Mohammad had united all Arabia below Islam and himself and develop into waiting to boost further, yet then died. the different super powers at that factor interior the international have been the Roman Empire and Persian Empire the two one in each and every of whom had only overwhelmed one yet another ordinarily to dying in an prolonged 25 twelve months war against one yet another. The Roman Empire had held Palestine for over 4 hundred years. while Mohammad died, an previous guy 'Abu Bakr' develop into chosen because of the fact the subsequent chief of the Muslims and Arabs, yet he develop into elderly and in basic terms lasted 2 years. next develop right into a real Arab and Muslim time-honored named Umar (Omar) who took over in 634AD. He wasted no time in attacking 'the two' the exhausted Roman and Persian Empires on the comparable time. He destroyed the Persian Empire consistently and took 0.5 the lands of the jap Roman Empire (the Western 0.5 had period in-between collapsed), alongside with Palestine in 638AD, which develop into surrendered peacefully by employing the then ruling Roman Christians to dodge further bloodshed. The Arabs then got here first as rulers, then as settlers between the previous populations.

  • Anonymous
    10 years ago

    The Arabs swept in and conquered the place, then let it go back to desert. It remained that way until late in the 19th century when the Zionists showed up, drained the swamps and irrigated the desert and made the place bloom again.

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  • 10 years ago

    "palestinian" common family names:

    Just like "Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti" born in "tikrit iraq"

    The family names(Nisbah نسبة) of Arabs who now occupy judea reveal their country of origin:

    "Masri" OR "al-masri" =from Egypt ,Hamas member of Parliament in gaza, Mushir al-Masri (the word "masri" littelery means "the egyption" in arabic !).

    "Khamis"= from Bahrain "Salem Hanna Khamis"

    "al-ubayyidi" or "al-Obeidi"= from sudan "al-ubayyid"

    "al-Faruqi"= Mosul iraq

    "al-Araj" = Morocco,a member of the Saadi Dynasty "Hussein al-Araj"

    "al-Lubnani" =the lebanese

    "al-Mughrabi" = the Moroccan ("Maghreb" – meaning "West" in Arabic, and usually referring to North Africa or specifically to Morocco) ,"Dalal Mughrabi"

    "al-Djazair"=the Algerian

    "al-Qurashi"=saudi arabia "clan of Quraish"

    "al-azd" =yemen "Azd tribe"

    "al-Yamani"= the Yemeni "Issam Al Yamani"

    "al-Afghani" = the Afghan

    "Al-Sidawi" = from "Sidon" lebanon

    "Al-fayyumi" = from "Faiyum" egypt

    "al-Hijazi" or "Hijazi" = present-day saudi arabia "Ahlam Higazi, a "Palestinian" artist from Hebron"

    "al-Hindi" =the Indian "Amin al-Hindi"

    "al-Tamimi" or "Tamimi" = from the tribe or clan of Banu-Tamim "Azzam Tamimi"

    "Hamati" = from syria ( HAMA city)

    "Omayya" = from saudi arabia "Banu Omayya tribe" "Omayya Joha" "palestinian artist" "

    "Othman" = turkey

    "murad" =yemen "murad tribe"

    "Alawi" = from syria (minority religious group in syria)

    "Iraqi" =from Iraq.

    "halabi" =from aleppo syria

    "Dajani"= from saudi arabia

    "Mattar" = from YEMEN (the village of BANI Mattar)

    "al-baghdadi"= from bagdad iraq.

    "Tarabulsi"= Tarabulus-Tripoli, Lebanon.

    "Hourani" =Houran Syria.

    "Zubeidi"= from iraq "Zubeidi tribe" "Zakaria Zubeidi"

    "al-Husayni" =saudi arabia.

    "Saudi" =Saudi Arabia.

    "Metzarwah"=egypt.

    "Barda­­­­­­­­­­­wil" ="salah bardawil" HAMAS legislator in gaza,egypt "bardawil lake" area

    "nashashibi"= syria.

    "Bushnak" =bosnia

    "zoabi"= from iraq "Haneen Zoabi".

    "Turki" =turkey "Daud Turki"

    "al-Kurd" = kurdistan.

    "Haddadins" = YEMEN descended from Ghassanid Christian Arabs.

    "Arab Abu-Kishk" = Egypt.(Bedouins)

    "Arab al shakirat" = Egypt (Bedouins)

    "Arab al zabidat" = Egypt (Bedouins)

    "Arab al aramsha" = Egypt (Bedouins)

    "Abu Sitta" =In Arabic' Abu means father and sitta means six. Translated it actually means father of six. The Abu Sitta family primarily received this name because around the year 1700, a well known knight of the large Al-Tarabeen tribe always had six slaves (i.e. fedawyah, bodyguards), 3 on each side, with him. They were with him wherever he went, day or night. Hence the name "ABU SITTA." =Egypt (Bedouins) "Salman Abu Sitta "

    "Nuba, Hebron" =founded by the "nuba people"

    Even "Arafat", the most famous fakestinian and leader of the terrorist grup the  P.L.O, is not native to judea. He called himself a "Palestinian refugee" and claimed he was born in jerusalem ! BUT spoke

    Arabic with Egyptian dialect. He was born in 1929 Cairo, Egypt. He served in the Egyptian army, studied in the University of Cairo, and lived in Cairo until 1956 !

    Arafat's full name was Mohammed Abdel Rahman Abdel Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husseini.

    "Al-Qudwa" tribe origin?

    -Professor Azmi Bishara(Arabic: عزمي بشارة)-- a "palestinian arab"

    "There is no "palestinian nation" !

    when were there any Palestinians??? LOL

    until the end of the 19th century, Palestine was the south of "Greater Syria" another resent invention.

    there is only an arab nation !

    the word "palestine" its self is a colonial invention used by the romans in order to erase the jewish identity of judea and israel.

    even the "Palestinian National Charter" recognizes all the jews living in the region prior to the 1948 war as "palestinians" !

    its an intellectual fad, divorced from the concerns of uneducated people"

    -Zuheir Mohsen (Arabic: زهير محسن)- top p.l.o member responsible for damur massacre.

    "The "Palestinian people" does not exist. The creation of a Palestinian state is only a means for continuing our struggle against the state of Israel for our Arab unity. In reality today there is no difference between Jordanians, Palestinians, Syrians and Lebanese. Only for political and tactical reasons do we speak today about the existence of a "Palestinian people".."

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