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rather than 的一些問題

問題一:

一般來說,rather than都是放句子的中間。可是rather than連接兩個有對等關係的動詞時,句型如下:

Rather than+原形動詞,主詞+動詞…

Rather than work hard, he plays around all the time.

=Instead of working hard, he plays around all the time.

疑問:在這可否也將rather than, instead of移到句中,改成如下句型?

He plays around all the time rather than work hard. (?)

=He plays around all the time instead of working hard. (?)

問題二:

Rather than 連接兩個對等關係的主詞,如下:

He rather than I is wrong.

疑問:可以改成如下嗎?只是我直覺念起來比較順?

He is wrong rather than I. (?)

2 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    10 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    疑問:在這可否也將rather than, instead of移到句中,改成如下句型?

    He plays around all the time rather than work hard. (?)

    =He plays around all the time instead of working hard. (?)

    因為rather than是conjunction phrase(連接詞片語),表示選擇,前後文字的詞性和內容要相同並對稱。前一句宜加上would,表示意願:

    He would play around all the time rather than work hard.在rather than前後的兩個不定詞片語做比較。

    He plays around all the time instead of working hard.沒問題。(instead of 是prepositonal phrase介系詞片語,後面只會接名詞性質的字或片語)

    問題二:

    Rather than 連接兩個對等關係的主詞,如下:

    He rather than I is wrong.

    兩相鄰的名詞對稱,沒問題。

    疑問:可以改成如下嗎?只是我直覺念起來比較順?

    He is wrong rather than I. (?)

    會有語病,因為相鄰的是不對稱的形容詞wrong和代名詞 I。後面的I如果改成形容詞right或correct才對稱。

    2011-07-26 14:15:29 補充:

    typo: prepositional phrase

  • He plays around all the time rather than (to) work hard. ... ( O ) [表意願]

    He plays around all the time rather than works hard. ... ( O ) [表並列]

    He plays around all the time rather than working hard. ... ( O ) [把rather than當介係詞用]

    2011-07-26 13:06:40 補充:

    He rather than I is wrong. (強調主詞)

    He is wrong rather than I. (強調主詞補語)文法上正確,但語意表達模糊,不建議使用,可加逗點改成:He is wrong, rather than I (am).

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