Can an Italian briefly explain the usage of "il, lo, l', i, gli, le" please?
I can speak Italian quite well and carry on a conversation by this point, but I may make stupid mistakes pertaining to what I'm about to ask.
I understand "il, gli, lo, i" are masculine, but when exactly are they used?
and I think you use "Gli" for a plural if it starts with a vowel right? Gli occhi, is that right?
I don't understand the rules(This is for ones that don't start with vowels?) for "i" but I know it's used for words like "i bambini" and "i ragazzi"
I rarely see "Lo" used to say "The _(noun)_", but when is it used?
Somethings don't make sense to me like "Le mani" Why isn't it "i mani"?
Can you explain to me the rules of using these specifically and any irregulars I should know about?
("Le mani" seems irregular, but I could be wrong.)
I have a general understanding, but I feel I see a lot of odd and irregular usages, so I'd like a deep explanation on the usage of these. Thank you.
- EnzoLv 59 years agoFavorite Answer
IL / LO ---> Singular
I / GLI ---> Plural
IL ragazzo ---> I ragazzi
IL bambino ---> I bambini
IL dottore ----> I dottori
LO is followed by words start with DOUBLE consonant : LO SPecchio (the mirror) ---> GLI SPecchi
LO SPazzolino ---> GLI SPazzolini / LO STraccio ---> GLI STracci
LO occhio ---> NO ---> because LO elides (loses its vowel and takes an apostrophe) So, it becomes L' Occhio ---> GLI occhi (OK) [ The same goes for LA ]
"Le mani" Why isn't it "i mani" ----> Because Le is the plural of LA (feminine) whereas " i " is the plural of IL (masculine)
La mano = Le mani / La strada = le strade / La ruota = Le ruote
* The word "foto" (pic), instead, does NOT change the ending vowel ( La foto ---> Le foto)
Don't worry, day after day you'll learn these nuances
Notice that when " GLI" is followed by a verb, it means HIM/THEM (lui/loro)
Gli hanno rotto la faccia --- > A LUI (him) hanno rotto la faccia
They smashed face to him ( I don't know if this sentence is correct in English)
Hope it helps, ciao Dante!!