asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

請解析此句英文文法

kernels are often installed on systems with

known, fixed hardware and with a fixed set of user-space applications.

請解析此句英文文法

with known後面為什麼要加逗號呢?

Update:

TO: cavalier

意思是逗號可以用在兩個形容詞共同修飾名詞的地方嗎?

TO:Allen

不需翻譯,謝謝!!

我對逗號的地方有疑問

Update 2:

TO:Louis

所以known和fixed同樣重要,共同修飾hardware?

原句是否可寫成?

kernels are often installed on systems

with known hardware,

with fixed hardware,

and with a fixed set of user-space applications.

3 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Best Answer

    Kernels are often installed on systems with known, fixed hardware and with a fixed set of user-space applications.

    本句是簡單句,述部是被動態,接受兩個介系詞片語的修飾(with ~ and with ~)表示所使用的方法。

    逗號的使用會改變形容詞之間的關係:

    1)不用逗號時,表示前面的形容詞較重要

      即fixed但必須是known(如known在前)

      即known但必須是fixed(如fixed在前)

    a beautiful old lady 雖老猶美

      an old beautiful old lady 雖美但己老矣

    2)不用逗號時,表示兩個形容詞合為一體,但必須是同方向(如均為正面或均為負面意義)的意義才能合為一體(merge into a single thought unit)如The watchman was a feeble old man.

    不用逗號,通常是opnion adjective在fact adjective之前。

    如: a nice sunny day

    是較精確的放後面:

    如:I live in a comfortable, small, open-bedroom apartment.

    而fact adjective也有排序:(1) how big? (2) how old? (3) what color? (4) where from? (5) what is it made of?

    如:a small black plastic bag

    an old white cotton shirt

    a long narrow street

    a large round table

    a tall thin girl

    two big blue eyes

    3)用逗號表示各形容詞同樣重要,移動位置時,不改變句子的意思和重點。

      如:This man is rich, young, and smart.

    你的句子在形容詞間用了逗號,應該屬上述的第三種狀況。

    2011-07-20 08:35:03 補充:

    所以known和fixed同樣重要,共同修飾hardware?

    是的。

    2011-07-20 08:37:25 補充:

    原句是否可寫成?

    kernels are often installed on systems

    with known hardware,

    with fixed hardware,

    and with a fixed set of user-space applications.

    英文有不重複的習慣,

    宜將hardware部分合併,改成:

    Kernels are often installed on systems

    with known and fixed hardware

    and with a fixed set of user-space applications.

    2011-07-20 08:39:55 補充:

    修飾名詞的兩個形容詞之間加逗號,表示又...又...,可以將逗號換成連接詞and,意思維持不變。

  • 8 years ago

    解題關鍵

    1. 逗點規則:http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/commas.htm

    2. 如果用 with known hardware, with fixed hardware, 會變成兩個不同的 hardware (就像 good boys, bad boys 一定不同)

    3. 原句明顯指同一套 hardware,等同 with known and fixed hardware 有逗點,可以代換成and。無逗點像 cute little girl 就不能換成 and (little girl 或 old man 都為喝成名詞,前面形容詞不能加逗號)

    2011-07-20 12:21:53 補充:

    更正:"little girl 或 old man 都為合成名詞"

    就像"大麥克" big Mac . a nice big Mac 不能等於 nice and big Mac.

    known, fixed hardware = known and fixed hardware

    但是不等於 known fixed hardware (把 fixed hardware 視同 big Mac,不行)

  • 8 years ago

    known, fixed harware = known and fixed hardware已知且固定的

    您前兩個形容詞看成共同修飾hardware就清楚了.

    這裡逗號也可以省略.

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.