Does he do this a lot? Or is it just when the two of you have big arguments? I think that technically yes, it is verbal abuse. But a lot of people say things they don't mean in the heat of the moment, and the main thing you can do to fix the situation is talk about it when the two of you aren't fighting. My boyfriend says similar stuff to me, and it definitely hurts and makes me upset, but I know that he doesn't mean it and will apologize later.
Try asking him why he called you the names that he did, and what you could do next time around to help keep his temper in check so you can continue talking without it escalating into a fight. My boyfriend says that he often gets to that point because he feels like I'm not hearing anything he says and it makes him mad because he doesn't want to hurt me but he is just so frustrated. That doesn't make it ok, but it WILL help you understand where he is coming from and maybe make it happen less. Good luck!! :)