French: Indefinite Adjectives?
Please: one textbook states that 'aucun', ''nul', pas un' ' all mean the same: “none, not any'
Elsewhere, I read that 'aucun' means, instead, not a single', and 'nul means, instead, 'nowhere',
Your opinions, please [and define please 'pas un'].
Also, another textbook calls these words 'negative adverbs' [instead of 'indefinite adjectives']. Their true name?
- phildangeLv 79 years agoFavorite Answer
Aucun is an indefinite adjective when it's used with a noun :
"Je ne vois aucun problème" .
Aucun is an indefinite pronoun when it replaces a noun .
"Bill a 5 frères et aucun n'habite ici ". ( Aucun replaces frère ).
Aucun is a part of an adverb of negation ( negative adverb ) when it's associated with the adverb "ne" .
As aucun is always associated with ne, either it be a noun or a pronoun, it's always a half of a negative adverb .
Nul is an indefinite adjective when it's used with a noun :
" Il n' y a nulle difficulté" ( synonym : Il n'y a aucune difficulté ").
Nul is an indefinite pronoun when it replaces a noun .
"Nul ne doit ignorer la loi" ( Nul replaces no human ) .
Nul is a part of an adverb of negation ( negative adverb ) when it's associated with the adverb "ne" .
As nul is always associated with ne, either it be a noun or a pronoun, it's always a half of a negative adverb .
:NOTE : The indefinite adjective Nul can be associated to the noun "part" in the negative adverb " Nulle part" . This is the translation of Nowhere .
Aucun, nul, pas un ( literally "not one" ) all mean none, not any, not a single which all have the same significance . The choice of one or another depends more on a subjective choice and a custom than on a grammar rule .
- Abb_Lv 69 years ago
actually ... ''pas un'' means: not a single
''aucun'' means: no one (if used with persons) and not a single (if used with an object)
''nul'' means: none or nothing ....it depends on when you use it.
you can not call them ''negative adverbs''.... i have never heard of that !
- zerrLv 43 years ago
there is not any recognizable trend as for adjectives getting in the previous or after. finally, you would know which works the place. And 'de' is a particle of provenance. It capacity from, derived from. Épis de maïs -> Ear(stem) of corn. Fleur de trèfle -> Clover flower (flower from clovers). Biscuits d'Italie (cookies from italy).