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What principle was established in Baker v. Carr. What does it require of the states?

3 Answers

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    Baker v. Carr, 369 U.S. 186 (1962), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case that retreated from the Court's political question doctrine, deciding that reapportionment (attempts to change the way voting districts are delineated) issues present justiciable questions, thus enabling federal courts to intervene in and to decide reapportionment cases. The defendants unsuccessfully argued that reapportionment of legislative districts is a "political question," and hence not a question that may be resolved by federal courts


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  • Jay
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    That the re-apportionment of electoral districts was a federal judicial matter.

    It requires the States to apportion electoral districts as equably as possible.

    This was important in Civil Rights issues because it meant that the areas with large proportions of black voters should have equal access to congressmen/senatorial elections (State or Federal) as any other citizen of that State. In Tennessee the problem was that (in 1962 when the case was heard) the electoral districts had not been re-drawn since 1901, during that time the city has grown enormously to the point where rural areas were over-represented to a factor of ten to one. Baler, the plaintiff, argued that this meant that he was unequal with other citizens of the State who lived outside this congressional area.

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  • 4 years ago

    C.It specifically established Judicial Review.

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