小白 asked in 教育與參考考試 · 10 years ago

英文文法不懂

【2】34. Advertising is an essential part of marketing, _______ people are likely to be persuaded to buy products.

1.which 2. by which 3. of which 4. that

有誰可告訴我為何答案是2

為何是by

by是哪個動詞的介系詞

我不懂耶

【4】35. None of us has ever heard him ________ ill of his colleagues.

1. to speak 2.speaking 3. spoken 4. speak

heard 不是接動名詞嗎,為何答案是4

我也不懂

請大大幫我解析

謝謝~~

Update:

感謝這位大大

您補充的很詳細

謝謝!!

1 Answer

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  • 10 years ago
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    【2】34. Advertising is an essential part of marketing, _______ people are likely to be persuaded

    to buy products.

    1.which 2. by which 3. of which 4. that

     有誰可告訴我為何答案是2

     為何是by

     by是哪個動詞的介系詞

     我不懂耶

    先行詞是marketing,行銷 (動名詞)

    行銷是一個事物層面的,所以會用到which ( 受到逗號的影響,不可用that

    再來,by的意思是"藉由....",是表達一種方法

    像是國中最常見的交通工具用法

    I go to USA by plane.

    就類似這種用法

    所以

    正確答案就是選2了

    選1,以受格關代來講

    你把它放回關係子句內,你會發現,沒地方可以擺放

    放在介係詞之後,並沒有得放

    放在動詞之後,語意不順 ( 畢竟你的關代是代替marketing

    所以,最佳答案為2

    我現在把答案放進關係子句之後,結果如下

    →people are likely to be persuaded to buy products by which.

    →people are likely to be persuaded to buy products by marketing.

    廣告是行銷方法最需要的一部分

    怎樣的行銷方法? 「藉由說服人們去購買這些商品的方法」

    (ps. 我方便解釋,所以翻譯的不是很正式)

    【4】35. None of us has ever heard him ________ ill of his colleagues.

    1. to speak 2.speaking 3. spoken 4. speak

     heard 不是接動名詞嗎,為何答案是4

     我也不懂

    感官動詞+Ving,是指當下在做的事

    而+Vr,則是針對一個事情的頻率去強調,或是說整件事的發生(完整過程)

    再加上現在完成式的因素推測

    所以,選D會是比較好

    表示從過去到現在,沒有人聽過他講同事的壞話

    (講整個過程的壞話)

    以上

    個人解析,僅供參考用途

    若有錯誤與問題,也請指正或修正與發問

    感恩~

    2011-07-07 16:21:12 補充:

    不好意思

    我忘了說34題的3為何不能選

    以of來說的話

    他屬於無生命或有生命所有格

    你將of which放進形容詞子句

    也是一樣

    沒有地方可以放置

    即使有,那個翻譯也挺奇怪的

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