What did Stalin do in Eastern Europe after World War 2?

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  • 8 years ago
    Best Answer

    He did exactly what had been agreed at the Yalta, Tehran and Potsdam conferences with the other allies - he set up governments that were compliant and communist. Just like the USA & Britain set up compliant and capitalist governments in the areas that they controlled.

    The satellite countries were the countries of Eastern Europe that were liberated by the Soviets from the Nazis and then had communist governments imposed on them; Poland, East Germany, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria.

    There are three main reasons for their establishment.

    1) Russia has historically had no secure border. There are no great rivers, no mountains, no deserts no seas that separate her from her potentially war-like neighbours. This fear of invasion, and the idea of buying time through land (Russia, when invaded has often allowed the enemy to invade, then, when their supply lines are overstretched, they counter-attack) is one of the reasons that Russia became so big. As former border towns become consolidated into the Russian political landscape, so does the need to push the border further away from the heartland. After the devastation faced in the Soviet Union in WWII the Soviets wanted to push the border as far away from Kiev, from Moscow & Minsk as they could.

    2) They wanted to set up satellite countries because they could. The Red Army had conquered the territory at great expense and the Soviet leadership was unwilling to simply withdraw - allowing Western style governments to push right up to her borders.

    3) The Yalta Agreement between FDR, Churchill & Stalin had laid out the spheres of influence that each of the Allied countries would have, and the satellite countries all fell under the Soviet sphere.

    Some further reasons:

    The Soviets had a different view of democracy to the one in the West. The Soviets argued that as the Communist party represented the people and was of the people, it was an inherently democratic form of government.

    There was also Marxist ideology behind it. Marx claimed that the Communist Revolution was inevitable - especially in highly industrialised and advanced Germany. The Soviets saw it as their mission to export the revolution to other countries - especially Germany.

    The Soviets saw what the Western Allies were doing in Western Europe as no different to what they were doing - establishing governments based on models of the victors' own governments.

    And one final reason was to prevent a unified Germany from being a threat to the Soviet Union ever again.

    See:

    The Captive Nations - Patrick Brogan (it's a simplistic overview of the histories of the countries under Communist domination in Europe after the war)

  • Anonymous
    8 years ago

    Joseph Stalin set up puppet governments in the Eastern European countries he occupied after World War 2. Later those countries formed the ''Warsaw Pact'', with the exception of neutral Yugoslavia and pro-China Albania

  • 8 years ago

    He set up many Soviet puppet Governments in Many Eastern European Countries. Many had Communist Government who has to be loyal to the Soviet Union. Stalin wanted control over the whole Eastern Europe so many of the leaders of of Eastern European nations had to be loyal to Stalin.

  • 8 years ago

    He ruined Eastern Europe, almost got away with wiping out local cultures, virtually incarcerated whole countries with bold tough borders full of land-mines, barbed wire, armed guards ready to shoot on sight, brought the nations economies to ruin, hence their collapse and failure through the cold-war.

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  • Anonymous
    8 years ago

    purged any one or group that might be in a position to depose him

    for example

    The purging of the army, meanwhile, saw about 35,000 military officers shot or imprisoned. The destruction of the officer corps, and in particular the execution of the brilliant chief-of-staff Marshal Tukhachevsky, is considered one of the major reasons for the spectacular Nazi successes in the early months of the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941.

    and continued until 1953

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