ramadan, do you have to recite fatiha and a sura while in jama'at?

when you are a ma'mum (person standing behind Imam / being lead by an Imam) do you also have to recite sura fatiha and the second sura in silent for the first two rakats?

or do you just let the Imaam lead you and listen to his recitation but not recite them yourself?


So I see two people both of them have different answers. this is a tough one.

And may Allah guide you too. May he guide us all

Update 2:

Oh okay so for Maghrib and Ishaa you don't recite at all you just listen?

5 Answers

  • 9 years ago
    Best Answer

    All praises belong to Allah,

    Below is what the scholar say:

    "Praise be to Allaah.

    Reciting al-Faatihah is one of the essential parts of the prayer, and is to be recited in each rak’ah both by the imaam and by those who are being led by him, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no prayer for the one who does not recite the Opening of the Book [i.e., al-Faatihah].” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 714). With regard to one who is following an imaam reciting al-Faatihah behind the imaam in a prayer where Qur’aan is to be recited out loud, there are two scholarly opinions.

    The first opinion is that it is obligatory, the evidence for that being the general meaning of the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “There is no prayer for the one who does not recite the Opening of the Book [i.e., al-Faatihah].” And because when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught the one who had not prayed properly, he told him to recite al-Faatihah.

    It was narrated in a saheeh report that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite it in every rak’ah. Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said in Fath al-Baari: “It was proven that permission was given to the one who is praying behind an imaam to recite al-Faatihah in prayers in which Qur’aan is to be recited out loud, without any exceptions. That is what was narrated by al-Bukhaari in Juz’ al-Qiraa’ah, and by al-Tirmidhi, Ibn Hibbaan and others, from Makhool from Mahmood ibn al-Rabee’ from ‘Ubaadah, that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stumbled in his recitation in Fajr, and when he finished he said, “Perhaps you recite behind your imaam?” They said, “Yes,” He said, “Do not do that, except for the Opening of the Book (al-Faaithah), for there is no prayer for the one who does not recite it.”

    The second opinion is that the recitation of the imaam is also the recitation of the one who is praying behind him. The evidence for that is the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):

    “So, when the Qur’aan is recited, listen to it, and be silent that you may receive mercy” [al-A’raaf 7:204]

    Ibn Hajar said: “Those who say that (the one who is praying behind an imaam) does not have to recite it in prayers where Qur’aan is to be recited out loud, such as the Maalikis, quote as evidence the hadeeth, ‘When he recites then listen attentively.’ This is a saheeh hadeeth which was narrated by Muslim from Abu Moosa al-‘Ash’ari.”

    Those who say that it is obligatory say that it should be recited after the imaam has finished reciting al-Faatihah and before he starts to recite another soorah, or that it should be recited when the imam pauses. Ibn Hajar said: “He should listen when the imam is reciting, and recite it when he is silent.”


    And Allah knows best.

  • 9 years ago

    According to Imam Abu Hanifah Rehmatullah alayh, the Muqatadi (person following the Imam in salah) must neither recite Surah Fatiha nor any other Surah. The above verse regarding listening attentively and remaining silent applies to the person performing salah as well as to others.

    Muslim (Vol.1, Pg.174) reports an authentic Hadith in which Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, “Remain silent when the Imam is reading.” Not only did Imam Muslim Rehmatullah alayh report this Hadith, but he specifically mentioned that it is authentic; the general context will include those salaahs in which the recitation is audible as well as those in which it is silent.

    According to Imam Ahmad (Rehmatullah alayh) it is not wajib (compulsory) to recite neither Surah Fatiha nor any other Surah in salah while following an Imam.

    According to the old ruling of Imam Shafi’ee (Rehmatullah alayh), it will be waajib for a person to recite form the Quran behind the Imam in such a salah wherein the recitation is silent (sirri). However, in the audible salaahs (jahri), recitation will not be wajib. According to his revised opinion, it will be wajib to recite in both types of salaah (jahri and sirri).

    Imam Malik (Rehmatullah alayh) and Imam Ahamad (Rehmatullah alayh) maintain that recitation of the muqtadi is not fardh, but in certain situations, it will be optional.

    When the rewards for salah are distributed on the Day of Judgment, they will not be asked whether those who did not perform salah according to their opinion should enter Jannah or not.

  • 3 years ago

    Salam brother Your salat is high quality, and you're no longer required to do sujud al-sahu. interpreting a surah (or area of it) after Fatiha isn't wajib (mandatory) yet a cautioned sunnah. purely Fatiha is wajib. notwithstanding, in case you're being led, then you are no longer required to recite something because of the fact the imam is doing so on your behalf. some pupils (Shafi'ee college) make surat Fatiha an exception. they save that recitation of Fatiha is wajib despite if being led via an Imam. it is consistent with a literal interpretation on the Sunnah Allah is familiar with superb

  • Anonymous
    9 years ago

    My sheikh told us that there is a sahih hadith where we are told that whoever has not recited fatihah has not prayed.

    So for each time you pray behind the Imam, you must at least recite fatihah once.

    God knows best.

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  • 9 years ago

    not if the imam reads it out loud...

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