百樂 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

把動名詞當主詞用的"過去式"該如何表示?

1.把動名詞當主詞用的"過去式"該如何表示? 請舉例,謝謝

2.我想問這句話是對的嗎

我描述我目前的工作情況,整段時態是用現在式.其中一句

saving a large time and reduce its expenses.

or應該用 saved a large time and reduced its expenses. ?

3.因為不想用太多(我.. )開頭,我把動名詞當主詞用

是否描述"目前"的工作經驗開頭都用如

Developing,Testing,Working 諸如此類來當主詞 (現代式)

而當描述"以往"的工作時就改用

Developed,Tested,Worked 諸如此類來當主詞 (過去式)

這樣正確嗎?

Update:

哈囉,老登

請問一下

假設我過去的經驗有條

- Maintain internal computer

因為Maintain是動詞,我把它放在句首,所以應該用Maintaining internal computer ?

還是要因為它是 "過去的經驗" 所以用 Maintained internal network ?

或是兩者用法皆可,都可以在過去的經驗中做陳述

2 Answers

Rating
  • 老登
    Lv 7
    9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    老登來回答

    1. Playing tennis was my favorite exercise ten years ago.

    playing tennis 動名詞,在此句中做主詞用

    10 年前,所以用過去式 was

    2. saving a large time and reduce its expenses.

    板主這句話不通, time 不能用 large 來形容,後面 its expenses , its 是指誰?

    Saving a lot of time and reducing the expenses are important for business.

    3. 現在式或動名詞做主詞是兩碼事,

    Developing the market in this business is not easy now....現在式

    Developing the market in this business was easy before.....過去式

    用 動詞來表示現在式或過去式,與動名詞當主詞是無關的.

    希望有幫助

    2011-06-26 08:51:28 補充:

    板主好像有點搞混了

    如果是動作(動詞)當主詞時,句中會有另一個動詞,時態以此動詞為主:

    正常句子是: 主詞 + 動詞 + 受詞.......He learns English.

    動詞(動作) + 動詞............動作當主詞.....

    Learning English is easy for everyone.

    Learning English 是主詞 (動詞當主詞喔)

    is ....是此句的動詞

    2011-06-26 08:51:44 補充:

    再舉一例: Collecting stamps was his habbit five years ago.

    主詞 Collecting stamps 動詞 was ...因是五年前,所以用過去式動詞 was

    還有一個是版主的盲點: 命令句:

    動詞放在句首,....但句中無其他動詞了:

    Stand up. Go away....

    此為省略主詞 you 的句子,所以會看到動詞在句首,但其永遠是現在式!

    2011-06-26 11:02:58 補充:

    過去的經驗是用過去式,但不能把過去式動詞放再句首.

    I maintained internal computer in the office mainly.

  • 9 years ago

    看起來你是在問 resume 寫法。

    條列經驗時,目前職務用到的職責,用現在分詞 Ving 起頭,過去的經驗用過去式起頭就可以了。

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