How is the Holocaust part of United States history?
A short paragraph is needed. I just need to know how the events of the Holocaust were spread to the U.S., how the U.S. got involved with it, what they did, what the newspaper and media did to spread the information, and how the public responded, etc.. Thank you!
- 9 years agoFavorite Answer
During World War II, rescue of Jews and other victims of the Nazis was not a priority for the United States government. Nor was it always clear to Allied policy makers how they could pursue large-scale rescue actions behind German lines. Due in part to antisemitism (prejudice against or hatred of Jews), isolationism, the economic Depression, and xenophobia (prejudice against or fear of foreigners), the refugee policy of the U.S. State Department (led by Secretary of State Cordell Hull) made it difficult for refugees to obtain entry visas to the United States.
The U.S. State Department also delayed publicizing reports of genocide. In August 1942, the State Department received a cable revealing Nazi plans for the murder of Europe's Jews. However, the report, sent by Gerhart Riegner (the World Jewish Congress [WJC] representative in Geneva) was not passed on to its intended recipient, American Jewish leader and WJC president Stephen Wise. The State Department asked Wise, who had almost simultaneously received the report via British channels, to refrain from announcing it.
The United States failed to act decisively to rescue victims of the Holocaust. On April 19, 1943, U.S. and British representatives met in Bermuda to find solutions to wartime refugee problems. No significant proposals emerged from the conference. In 1943, Polish underground courier Jan Karski informed President Franklin D. Roosevelt of reports of mass murder received from Jewish leaders in the Warsaw ghetto. U.S. authorities did not, however, initiate any action aimed at rescuing refugees until 1944, when Roosevelt established the War Refugee Board (WRB). That year the WRB set up the Fort Ontario Refugee Center in Oswego, NY, to facilitate rescue of imperiled refugees. By the time the War Refugee Board was established, however, four fifths of the Jews who would die in the Holocaust were already dead.
By the spring of 1944, the Allies knew of the killing operations using poison gas at the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp. Some Jewish leaders pleaded unsuccessfully with U.S. government officials to bomb the gas chambers and rail tracks leading to the camp. Even after the Anglo-American air forces developed the capacity to hit targets in Silesia (where Auschwitz was located) in 1944, U.S. authorities decided not to bomb the gas chambers or the rail lines. U.S. officials argued that U.S. aircraft did not have the capacity to conduct air raids on these targets with sufficient accuracy, and that the Allies were committed to bomb exclusively military targets to win the war as quickly as possible.
- old ladyLv 79 years ago
The Holocaust is part of US history only in an oblique way. It didn't happen in the US, and it didn't happen to US citizens. Some of the refugees from the Holocaust, who were rescued when the camps were liberated, came to the US and eventually became citizens.
- eckerLv 44 years ago
i comprehend that during that element, the manhattan situations replaced into owned by ability of a Jewish guy. Even stressful the Holocaust replaced into killing hundreds of thousands thousands of Jewish human beings, the owner of the manhattan situations who replaced into Jewish, did no longer placed articles of the Holocaust or something of it on the front internet site. He extremely placed it possibly on the 2nd or 0.33 internet site, and so on. He did this because of the fact he theory human beings would think of he replaced into being bias because of the fact he replaced into Jewish. in my opinion, incorrect ingredient to do.
- 9 years ago
the U.S. came to liberate people from the death camps