What happened at the Council of Trent?
Catholics please elaborate, want to know your idea on the doctrine that came out of this.
- IlluminatorLv 79 years agoFavorite Answer
(of every Chapter and Canon on Justification)
1. Man cannot justify himself (which includes works): contra Pelagianism and Semi-Pelagianism: Decree on Justification: chapter 5; Canons 1, 2, 3 on Justification. (contrary to the prevailing Protestant myth of salvation by works)
2. Justification is by Grace Alone: Decree on Justification: chapter 8; Canon 10.
3. Initial justification by Grace Alone may be increased through mortification, observing God's commandments, and works (see James 2:24): Decree on Justification: chapters 7,10, 11.
4. Justification by Faith Alone is false: Decree on Justification: chapter 11; Canons 9, 29.
5. Good works and merit proceed wholly from the grace of God through the work of Jesus Christ on our behalf (not from ourselves). They are necessary but they do not earn salvation, which
is by grace alone: Decree on Justification: chapter 16; Canons 18, 19, 20, 24, 26, 32, 33.
6. Man must cooperate with God's grace in order to receive an increase in justification: Canons 4, 22.
7. Good works done in God's grace really are good, and not evil because of our fallen nature, and they deserve a reward (not salvation, but recompense): Canons 6, 7, 25, 31.
8. Extrinsic, imputed, merely external or declared justification is false: Canon 11.
9. "Faith in one's own faith" or "assurance of salvation" is false: Decree on Justification: Chapters 9, 12; Canons 12, 13, 14, 15.
10. Men can fall away from grace (but not faith) and justification, through mortal sin, and must persevere: Decree on Justification: Chapters 11, 13, 15; Canons 16, 17, 23, 27, 28.
11. Temporal punishment for sin in this world and the next (purgatory) is necessary for most people: Canon 30.
12. Men are fallen (original sin) and are by nature children of wrath, and cannot be saved by the law: Decree on Justification: Chapter 1.
13. Man has a free will: adversely affected and limited by the fall, but not extinguished: Decree on Justification: Chapter 1.
14. Jesus Christ is the propitiator, through His blood, for the sins of the whole human race (universal atonement): Decree on Justification: Chapter 2.
15. Being born again and regenerated is necessary for grace, justification, redemption, and reception of the benefits of Christ's death (justification through Christ): Decree on Justification:
Chapters 3, 4.
16. Adults can and must be disposed by God's grace to accept God's graces for justification, repent, do penance, and be baptized: Decree on Justification: Chapters 6, 7.
17. Justification and sanctification are joined together, caused by Jesus Christ's Passion on the Cross and God's grace, and accepted freely by man. Faith, hope, and charity are also infused
in this justification: Decree on Justification: Chapter 7.
18. Those who fall away from following the Lord and from grace can be restored through the sacrament of penance: Decree on Justification: Chapter 14.
19. The fear of hell is not a sin: Canon 8.
20. One must obey Jesus Christ as well as trust Him: Canon 21.
It all makes sense if it is read without reformist lenses.
- Anonymous9 years ago
Its main object was the definitive determination of the doctrines of the Church in answer to the heresies of the Protestants; a further object was the execution of a thorough reform of the inner life of the Church by removing the numerous abuses that had developed in it.Source(s): http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15030c.htm
- goodluckwithhatLv 79 years ago
I'd have to look it up to be specific. Why not cut out the middle man and look it up for yourself. Now, when Lynn comes home from work, she can go on and on about it since she doesn't believe in anything that came after that.