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superJeremy asked in 社會與文化語言 · 10 years ago

英文need的用法

請問一下

1.英文的我需要來嗎

Need I come? ==>這裡的need是助動詞

可以改為Do I need come?嗎

2. 英文的我需要去嗎

Do I need to go? ==>這裡的need是動詞

前兩句是因為英文的『來 come』與『去 to go』的關係嗎?何時用助動詞何時用動詞呢?

4 Answers

Rating
  • ?
    Lv 7
    10 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    need當助動詞:

    Need I come?

    Yes, you need.

    No, you needn't.

    need當動詞:

    Do I need to come?

    Yes, you do.

    No, you don't.

    版主寫的: Do I need come? (X)

    一旦用了助動詞Do, 那麼need就是動詞, come就不可以是動詞了, 要改為to come作為need的受詞.

    以上所有句子中, come換成go文法完全相同.

    2011-06-19 12:56:32 補充:

    need+Ving不宜在此相提並論, 會形成被動語意是因特定的Ving與主詞間的及物邏輯所致, 換作是不及物動詞的Ving則無被動語意, 這樣的動詞計有need, require, demand, deserve等.

    其實need要接被動, 絕大多數是用need(s) to be Vpp.

    2011-06-19 13:05:54 補充:

    Chucky大, "Do I need come?"怎麼文法沒錯? 不加to絕對錯誤.

    Do I need to come?

    Need I come?

    Should I come?

    Ought I to come?

    Must I come?

    Do I have to come?

    這些意思都類似, 程度的差別而已.

    Source(s): 英文文法其實很簡單, 千萬別被它打敗.
  • rhody
    Lv 7
    10 years ago

    英文need的用法,所有用法,看這裡必有收穫

  • Chucky
    Lv 5
    10 years ago

    need 需要(動詞,助動詞)

    一、need + to V. or N.(可加不定詞或名詞)

    例:

    I need to eat some food.我需要吃點東西。

    I need more money.我需要更多的錢。

    二、need + Ving(可加動名詞變被動態)

    例:

    These cars need washing.這些車子需要(被)清洗一下。

    = I need to wash these cars.

    The computer needs repairing.這台電腦需要(被)修理。

    = I need to get the computer repaired.

    三、need + 原V (當助動詞用)

    例:

    I need take medicine everyday.我每天都(需)要吃藥。

    I need ride a bike to school every morning. 每天早晨我都(需)要騎腳踏車上學。

    我需要來嗎?

    翻譯:

    Need I come = Do I need come 我需要來嗎?

    Need I go = Do I need to go 我需要去嗎?

    這兩句文法都沒錯,只是一個當動詞,一個當助動詞而已。只是這類的句子比較少人這樣講。

    通常都講:

    Should I have to be there?(我一定要到嗎?)

    = Should I have to get there?

  • Anonymous
    10 years ago

    可以改為Do I need to come?

    前兩句是因為英文的『來 come』與『去 to go』的關係嗎?

    不是

    因為用助動詞

    用動詞

    的關係

    既然意義相同

    第二句用的人多

    第一句固然文法OK

    很少聽到看到

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