What is the history of indigenous people in Grenada from early times to the present day?
- connieLv 710 years agoFavorite Answer
The Arawak Indians were the first to inhabit Grenada, but they were all eventually massacred by the Carib Indians. When Columbus arrived in 1498, he encountered the Caribs, who continued to rule over the island for another 150 years. The French gained control of the island in 1672 and held on to it until 1762, when the British invaded. Black slaves were granted freedom in 1833. After more than 200 years of British rule, most recently as part of the West Indies Associated States, Grenada became independent on Feb. 7, 1974, with Eric M. Gairy as prime minister.
The Carib Indians violently displaced the Arawak (Taino) tribes around 1000 C.E. and called the island Camerhogne, until they also were driven out. In 1300, Alonso de Hojeda, Amerigo Vespucci, and Juan de la Cosa named the island Mayo while on a mapping mission. Christopher Columbus named the island Concepción when he spotted it in 1498. The name "Granada" was used on maps until the mid-1600s. To the French, the island was known as La Grenade; to the English, Grenada became the permanent title in 1763.
Long before Columbus sighted the island, the Amazonian Indians had established a tradition of territorial dispute. Arawak and Carib Indians originally settled the island around 1100 C.E. After the Caribs defeated the Arawaks, they were conquered by the French in 1651. Rather than submit to conquest, men, women, and children leapt to their death off of a precipice now known as Carib's Leap. The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ceded Grenada to Great Britain. Sixteen years later the French took the island back by force. In 1783, the Treaty of Versailles awarded Grenada again to the British. After another one hundred years, Grenada became a crown colony in 1877. During three hundred years of alternating occupation, the slave population on the sugar plantations grew and gathered strength.
As early as 1700, slaves and a small number of "Free Coloureds" outnumbered white Europeans almost two to one. In the Fedon Rebellion of 1795, Free Coloureds and slaves gathered in an unusual display of disregard for social segregation. In 1974, Grenada gained independence.
Lengthy anecdotal history (this is a short part of what is on the link)
The Caribs were ingenious hunters and invented a unique way of catching wild ducks. A calabash (gourd) with eye-holes was fitted over the hunter's head and he entered the water up to his neck and waited patiently. Unwary birds, unconscious of the danger lurking behind the drifting calabash, were seized by the legs, dragged under water and drowned. One of the problems of those days was preservation of meat and the Caribs solved this in a manner which has been preserved to today. From the root of the cassava plant, these Grenadian ancestors processed a liquid they called "casareep". They discovered that, cooked in casareep, meat will last indefinitely. Meat cooked in casareep with added pepper and other ingredients is the well-known Grenadian "pepper-pot", and there are legends of family pepper pots, started decades ago, being passed on to younger generations as heirlooms.
These first inhabitants were still in possession of Grenada in 1650 when 200 Frenchmen arrived from Martinique. This time, the Caribs were willing to sell the island and the Frenchmen bought it at a bargain price. They paid for it with a few knives and hatchets and with a quantity of glass beads. And, for good measure, they threw in a couple of bottles of brandy for the Carib Chief. But this deal didn't stick. Whatever alerted the Caribs to the unfairness of the business they had done, they changed their mind within a year and wanted to recover their island. So, they started a campaign of terror against the settlers. Any Frenchman found in the woods was killed and it became dangerous to travel into the countryside. Matters went from bad to worse and the Frenchmen realised that, if they were to continue to develop their plantations, they had to do something.
That "something" turned out to be a full-scale war against the Caribs in which the French succeeded in exterminating most of the Carib population. When the well known Roman Catholic priest, Pere Labat, visited Grenada in 1700, there were still Caribs on the island. Labat was concerned to find a few of them squatting on church lands in the St Mark's district, but they posed no threat. Today in Grenada, however, except for a quota of the mélange of blood now flowing in Grenadian veins, there is no longer any living evidence of the Caribs.
- kacyLv 44 years ago
Thursday morning. He spent Wed night with me, and because Thursday grew to become into the 1st day of Spring (an afternoon I continuously rejoice) I have been given up early quiet as a 'church mouse'. I fastened homestead made biscuits, gravy with sausage (soy, yet no person knew), an entire pan of scrambled eggs (clean brown ones from my acquaintances farm), sliced oranges and kiwi, coffee and tea, honey, jam, and marmalade. Then I woke Gary up, we ate then took each thing for the duration of city to his homestead and shocked his daughters, and his father. It grew to become into rather relaxing to make certain all of them chow down... then bypass back to mattress. whats up the girls are purely 19 and 21, and had worked late. LOL!
- Anonymous4 years ago
Great arguments, but I am not 100% convinced