溫慶源 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

關於英文詞性文法的部份。

有一些選擇題,做完後答案卻錯了,請各位先進詳解一下。

1.Sandy mentioned her homeroom teacher in her speech to thank him for his patience and support in __?

〈A〉part 〈B〉parted〈C〉particularly〈D〉particular

2.It is getting __ difficult to find a parking space in Taipei.

〈A〉much 〈B〉the more 〈C〉little and little 〈D〉more and more

3.It's been almost one month since you got Ken's letter. Don't you think __ time to reply?

〈A〉it's 〈B〉that's〈C〉there's〈D〉what's

4.Ten people,__ three children,will go on the trip this summer.

〈A〉include〈B〉inclusive〈C〉including〈D〉included

5.

Tony:Hi,Jane. It's good to hear from you. how are you getting along?

Jane:__ How are you?

〈A〉I'm from Taitung.

〈B〉I got an e-mail from you yesterday.

〈C〉Just OK,thanks.

〈D〉I get here by bus.

標紅色代表正確答案,看來看去都看不太懂,請各方先進詳解吧!

1 Answer

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  • 9 years ago
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    1.Sandy在她的演講中提到了他的班導師,並特別謝謝他的耐心與支持。

    補充:especially=particuarly=in particular,是特別地、尤其的意思

    2.在台北越來越難找到工作。

    如果是 (A)much的話,後面要加more,變much more difficult

    (B)the more則是要在比較兩者的部分,可是這句只是闡述事實

    (C)要用less difficult,less是較少的意思,less difficult就是較不難,等於more easy

    (D)more and more是越來越....的意思,這句就是「越來越困難」

    另外,如果選項有more的話,也可以選

    和more and more difficult的不同在於:

    more and more difficult越來越難

    more diffisult比較難,可以是說是「比以前難找到工作」,後面就可以加than before,就變成It is getting more difficult to find a parking space in Taipei (than before)

    意思是:現在在台北比以前還難找到工作。

    3.距離你收到Ken的信已經快要一個月了。你不覺得應該要回信給他了嗎?

    這裡的it是當「虛主詞」,並不是當真主詞。英文文法中的虛主詞限用It,因此不能選(B)that's的選項,(C)則是有的意思,前面的has been已經有「有」的意思了。而(D)是完全錯誤。

    ※補充:虛主詞當主詞時,可以把真主詞帶道句首,這時真主詞就可用不定詞或動名詞帶出。

    ex.It's my hobby to read books.

    =To read books is my hobby.

    =Reading books is my hobby.

    (備註:第一句的to read books不能改成reading books,因為It當虛主詞時,必須用不定詞to帶出後面的真主詞,這是限定用法)

    4.包含三位孩童在內的十個人,將在今年夏天去旅行。

    (這句是否為go on a trip,因為go on a trip比較符合題意)

    這裡的including three children是補充說明前面的ten people

    這句也可以寫作:Ten people who are including three children will go on the trip this summer.

    同謂語的用法:同謂語(主要),同謂語(次要),補語.

    後面不只可以加一個同謂語,也可以加很多個

    ex.Sandy,my neighbor,a ten-year-old girl,wants to be a nurse when she grows up.

    (我一個十歲的鄰居女孩,長大後想要當護士)

    5.Tony:嗨Jane,很高興聽到你的消息,過的如何?

    Jane:還可以,謝謝。你呢?

    這句是用how問近況,get along指的是「過活」,how are you gatting along就是「過得如何」的意思。

    另外,how are you的回答還可用fine,OK,good,so far so good(目前為止都還可以)等等。回問人家是必要的,也是一種禮貌喔!!

    ※補充:句中提到的hear from 是聽到...的消息的意思

    常和它搞混的是hear of,兩者的不同在於:

    hear from聽到...的消息;收到...的來信:I haven't heard from him since he telephoned.

    (自從那次他來電話後, 我一直沒有收到他的來信。)

    hear of聽說過:I have heard of the writer,David.

    (我有聽說過大衛這個作家)

    以上是兩者的分別。

    2011-05-29 23:13:41 補充:

    2.(C)後面的more easy請改成easier。謝謝

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