Sounds like that old joke final exam question: "General Knowledge -- describe in detail." Sorry, I don't think anyone can do that.
Try some online research to narrow your questions down. Try Wikipedia for these terms: "spinning reels", "baitcast reels", "fish hooks", "Fishing Lures" and so on. That will give you the basics so you have some idea what's going on. Try Googling "Lake fishing in New Jersey", or even Google the name of the lake. You should be able to find out a lot more than will fit in this little answer box.
Then come back here if you have specific questions which can be answered in a few lines. And ask only one question at a time, please.