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英文問題---現在完成式

The lonely inventor working in his basement and the scientific genuis isolated in the ivory tower have vanished-they are replaced by corps of skilled research teams in modern air-conditioned buildings.

1.have vanished可改成had vanished,vanish或vanished嗎?

2.若可,那麼意思各有何不同?

2 Answers

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  • 9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    The lonely inventor working in his basement and the scientific genuis

    isolated in the ivory tower have vanished-they are replaced by corps of

    skilled research teams in modern air-conditioned buildings.

    解析

    破折號後面的句子是現在時態的被動式

    vanished與had vanished都是對過去事件的敘述, 時態不符, 先行排除.

    vanish是現在式, 意思是絕跡, 在語意上絕跡與取代並非同時發生, 而是有先後的, 兩者都用現在式並不適當; 所以絕跡要用現在完成式have vanished, 取代則用被動的現在式are replaced.

    翻譯

    工作於地下室的孤寂發明家與隔離在象牙塔中的科學天才都已絕跡 -- 取而代之的是處於現代冷氣房中各類熟練的研究團隊.

    Source(s): 英文文法與翻譯經驗
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  • rhody
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    vanish的語意上具有延續性,一旦消失,則延續到說話的當時,除非本文本來就是過去式,否則一定要用have vanished,澄清完成式觀念看這裡

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