CARTOON asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

文法be動詞

Children should not be left to play without supervision.

孩子在玩時,不該沒人管.

問題1:

為什not 後面+了一個be ..supervision是名詞...

She refused to be reconciled with her brother.

他拒絕和他弟弟和解.

問題2:

為什to 後要+be 又不是被動阿~

2題 謝

4 Answers

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  • 9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    Children should not be left to play without supervision.

    孩子在玩時,不該沒人管.

    問題1: 為什not 後面+了一個be ..supervision是名詞...

    原句應改為: Children should not be left playing without supervision. 恰當些.

    如果翻成: 在無人看管下,不應放任兒童自行玩耍. 或

    兒童不應在無人看管下被放任著玩耍. 這樣是否比較讀得懂呢?

    *should 是助動詞 無論是在肯定及否定的情況下一律接原型動詞,包括be原型

    * be left 是被動語態 ---被遺留於某狀態 `被留下.... 在此句中可譯成-被放任著

    She refused to be reconciled with her brother.

    他拒絕和他弟弟和解.

    問題2:

    為什to 後要+be 又不是被動阿~

    *refuse 拒絕 (去做某事) 此動詞其後須接不定詞 to V, 記住~! 不定詞也有著不同時態啊.

    1. refuse to sleep 拒絕睡覺 ( 不定詞之簡單式)

    2. refuse to be dancing at that moment 那時拒絕當場跳舞 (不定詞之進行式)

    3. refused to have told lies again 已經拒絕再說謊 (不定詞之完成式) (表示過去

    已發生之事)

    4. refuse to be bullied 拒絕被霸凌`欺侮 (不定詞之被動式)

    5. refuse to be a fool 拒絕當個傻瓜

    6. refuse to be nice to his brother 拒絕對他弟弟表善意

    *to be reconciled* 翻譯成 "被和解" 確實很難以讓人理解. 故倒不如將reconciled 視為如同上列第6句型中的adj形容詞.就比較容易理解. 記住~!!.

    並非所有 be pp 都是被動語態喔!!

    EX: The cup is broken. 這杯子破了

    My jacket is gone. 我的夾克不見了

    I'm interested in football. 將此句改寫為

    I'm crazy about football. 就知道 interested in 根本就是adj 功能.

  • 9 years ago

    Children should not be left to play without supervision.

    孩子在玩時,不該沒人管.

    問題1:

    為什not 後面+了一個be ..supervision是名詞... 字面語意: 孩子們不應被放任玩耍而無監管. to play without supervision這個不定詞片語是副詞功能, 修飾be left.孩子們是被放任, 要用被動語態, 前面有should所以要用原式be + p.p. = be left 本句用to pay或playing都正確, 不需更改.

    She refused to be reconciled with her brother.

    他拒絕和他弟弟和解.

    問題2:

    為什to 後要+be 又不是被動阿~ 如果寫成: She refused to reconcile with her brother. (X) 反而錯了 因為reconcile只有及物動詞用法, 這樣寫就是不及物了, 所以錯誤.拿掉with可以嗎? 也不行, 因為意思變成「她拒絕使她弟弟和解」, 跟誰和解呢? 語意不明.主動的及物用法是 : A reconciles B with C 甲使乙與丙和解. 事實上, be reconciled with是慣用片語, 適用於雙方的和解, 要用被動語態.樓上有人把這個reconciled視為形容詞雖勉強說得通, 但沒有必要, 因為be reconciled的動作性高於狀態性.

    Source(s): 多閱讀是增強英文功力的不二法門 + Cavalier
  • 9 years ago

    should是個助動詞啊!後接動詞"be left"表"被放任"為被動用法

    "to play"翻"遊玩"是個接在動詞後的不定詞(修飾孩子狀態)

    "without supervision "則為修飾"to play"的介詞片語,其作副詞用

    reconcile是指使 兩個不融洽的事物圓融,其用法是主動的,故被圓融或是調解的事物需用被動

    希望幫的上忙囉!

    Source(s): Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary
  • 9 years ago

    Children should not be left to play without supervision.

    孩子在玩時,不該沒人管.

    問題1: 為什not 後面+了一個be ..supervision是名詞...

    因為是被動語氣故多了一個be

    without supervision是介詞片語﹐故跟名詞

    介詞後面可跟名詞﹑代名詞﹑或動名詞

    有時在介詞與名詞﹑代名詞﹑或動名詞之間還可加修飾詞

    Here are some examples:

    At school

    At = preposition; school = noun.

    According to us

    According to = preposition; us = pronoun.

    By chewing

    By = preposition; chewing = gerund.

    Under the stove

    Under = preposition; the = modifier; stove = noun.

    In the crumb-filled, rumpled sheets

    In = preposition; the, crumb-filled, rumpled = modifiers; sheets = noun.

    She refused to be reconciled with her brother.

    他拒絕和他弟弟和解.

    問題2: 為什to 後要+be 又不是被動阿~

    (for the same reason) 因別人要她和解

    因為是被動語氣故多了一個be

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