Jenny asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

現在分詞和過去分詞的混合應用

以下幾題:

1.David arrived in a magnificent castle.

David was invited to join the party.

The party was given by a very rich actor.

The castle was designed by a famous Frech Architect.

請問以上題目可以幫我解題嗎?要使用分詞構句喔!

因為我有解答,但還是不太懂,煩請說明一下,謝謝

2 Answers

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  • Jerry
    Lv 7
    9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    David arrived in a magnificent castle.

    David was invited to join the party.

    The party was given by a very rich actor.

    The castle was designed by a famous Frech Architect.

    這個題目的四個句子都是用過去式(後面三個為被動,都有出現過去分詞)

    題目總共要考兩個觀念

    第一個觀念是分詞構句的時態規則

    規則1 分詞構句的時態,如果與主句動詞的時態一致,則不用完成分詞

    規則2分詞構句的時態,如果比主句動詞的時態為先,則用完成分詞

    所以符合的是規則1 (時態一致皆為過去式)

    (o) Being invited to join the party, David arrived in a magnificent castle.

    (X)Having been invited to join the party, David in a magnificent castle.

    但還有一個規則3 遇到過去分詞前面的 being , Having been, 都可省略,

    所以一省略上面兩句,已看不清對與錯

    因為都變成

    Invited to join the party, David arrived in a magnificent castle.

    第二個觀念是關係代名詞的觀念, 如果是關代+be動+過去分詞,則可省略關代+be動

    Invited to join the party which was given by a very rich actor, David arrived in a magnificent castle which was designed by a famous French Architect.

    所以最後答案就變成

    Invited to join the party given by a very rich actor , David arrived in a magnificent castle designed by a famous French Architect.

    (註)因為句子很長,我自己比較喜歡不省略Being, 免得有點突尤。

    Being invited to join the party given by a very rich actor , David arrived in a magnificent castle designed by a famous French Architect.

    有空請到我的部落格參觀指正

    http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/jerrylinhome-jerrylinho...

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  • rhody
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    .David arrived in a magnificent castle.

    David was invited to join the party.

    The party was given by a very rich actor.

    The castle was designed by a famous Frech Architect.

    David, who was invited to join the party(,) which was given by a very rich actor, arrived in a magnificent castle(,) which was designed by a famous Frech Architect.

    紅色部分省略後便得:

    David, invited to join the party(,) given by a very rich actor, arrived in a magnificent castle(,) designed by a famous Frech Architect.

    (,)省與不省,意思上有小小不同而已

    做為形容詞的分詞構句看這裡(2)會更清楚

    請將本回答排除於最佳答案的選擇,我不要點數

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