幾句英文文法(子句,分詞構句相關)

1.Each seven-minete episode is a situational comedy _____ Shaun must use

his brains and creativity to resolve problems.

為何空格要填 in which 而不可以是 that ?

2.There are many beautiful places in Kenting , many of _____ overlook the sea.

答案為何是which而不是them(怎麼看都是them比較順= =)

3.Does a clean city have to be virtually spotless _____ spick and span?

為什麼要填 to be considered ?

4.On Stranger Tides will be the first film in the Pirates of the Caribbean series _____ in 3D.

好像跟上一題類似...答案也是to be screened ,為什麼不可以直接用分詞?

麻煩大大出手相助了@.@~

Update:

那3.4題被動意義就不能用被動形式的過去分詞嗎?

(就是只用considered,screened)

1 Answer

Rating
  • 阿玉
    Lv 4
    9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1)Each seven-minete episode is a situational comedy .

    Shaun must use his brains and creativity to resolve problems

    in a situation comedy .

    句中我們使用關系詞使句子合併時,它的先行詞在結構上是in 的受詞,所以寫成which or that 都是錯誤,因為 a situational comedy在關系子句中既不能當主詞,也沒有受詞的位置

    2)

    There are many beautiful places in Kenting .Many of them overlook the sea. 它是兩個獨立的句子,用 which才能讓兩個句子連接

    3)to be considered 它是被動意義,一個城市不會主動的去認為....

    4)to be screened 也是被動意義,電影是被拍成,或被放映

    2011-05-08 20:35:24 補充:

    不定詞具有名詞的作用,

    a)簡單式 to VR

    b)被動式 to be V-en

    a clean city have (to be virtually spotless)and ( to be considered spick and span).

    兩個名詞都是及物動詞have的受詞,是否有and被省略了?

    如果只寫出considered,它會變成限定修飾spotless,指己經發生的事實

    而to be 的寫法比較像是即將發生,而尚未成為事實 nobdy wants to be a fool.

    2011-05-08 20:50:46 補充:

    4)我把修飾語拿掉

    Stranger Tides (will be ) the first film ( screened) in 3D. 這一句子你認為3D電影拍了嗎?

    照它原來句子的寫法,可以肯定的是電影還沒有拍哦!

    根據這3和4兩個例句,讓我了解不定詞片語,前後並列,可以不用and連接 .

    thanks

    2011-05-08 20:54:05 補充:

    screened 還可以當放映解釋

    2011-05-08 21:06:58 補充:

    4)Stranger Tides主詞 will be

    the first film 主詞補語

    in the Pirates of the Caribbean series 介系詞片語,修飾film

    to be screened in 3D.不定詞片語,也是修飾film

    這兩者都是形容詞功能,因為它們都修飾名詞

    和3)不一樣,那是have 加上兩組名詞

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