can someone tell me about Cubans of indigenous descent?
- connieLv 79 years agoFavorite Answer
Before 1492, Cuba was populated by at least two distinct indigenous peoples: Taíno and Ciboney (or Siboney) (some consider these populations to be neo-Taíno nations). These two groups were prehistoric cultures in a time period during which humans created tools from stone, yet they were familiar with gold (caona) and copper alloys (guanín) Copper Age. The Taíno agriculturalist and the Ciboney were a self-sufficient society, although their development was not limited to fishing and hunting, farming and production of wooden structures. Taínos and Ciboney took part in similar customs and beliefs, one being the sacred ritual practiced using, often nasally inhaled, narcotized tobacco vapors and particulates called cohoba, is known in English as smoking.
The Taino (Island Arawak) were part of a cultural group commonly called the Arawak, which extends far into South America. The wide diffusion of this culture is witnessed even today by names of places in the New World; for example localities or rivers called Guama (the Taino name for Lonchocarpus domingens, a leguminous tree, the designation of a chief (as in Guamá a famous Taino who fought the Spanish) are found in Cuba, Venezuela and Brazil.
The Arawaks incorporated readily into the successive invading groups and acculturated almost to the point of disappearance. Residues of their poetry, songs, sculpture, and art are found today throughout the major Antilles. The Arawak and other such cultural groups are responsible for the development of perhaps 60% of crops in common use today and some major industrial materials such as rubber. The Europeans were shown by the Native Cubans how to nurture tobacco and consume it in the form of cigars.
Approximately 16 to 60,000, Bartolome de las Casas estimated 200,000, natives belonging to the Taino and Ciboney nations inhabited Cuba before colonization. The Native Cuban Indian population, including the Ciboney and the Taíno, were forced in to reservations during the Spanish subjugation of the island of Cuba. Many Natives were put in reservations. One famous reservation was known as Guanabacoa, today a suburb of Havana. Many indigenous Cuban Indians died due to the brutality of Spanish conquistadores and the diseases they brought with them, such as the measles and smallpox, which were previously unknown to Indians. By 1550, many tribes were eradicated. Many of the Conquistadors intermarried with Native Cuban Indians. Their children were called mestizos, but the Native Cubans called them Guajiro, which translates as "one of us". Today, the descendants are maintaining their heritage.
The Arawaks incorporated readily into the successive invading groups and acculturated almost to the point of disappearance. Residues of their poetry, songs, sculpture, and art are found today throughout the major Antilles.
- ChicaLv 59 years ago
They were murdered by europeans, may tribes are now extinct. They were related to the indigenous peoples of north central and south america. There are a few remaining Taino indians left in cuba, many are mixed with white and black.
- cottenLv 44 years ago
i've got lived in the U.S. my finished existence and that i've got on no account met somebody from South united statesa. or prevalent united statesa. say they have been "Spanish" in English. they in many cases say they are Hispanic. Your concern might have some thing do with the be conscious Hispanic and how you're translating it. there is not any element in calling those human beings ignorant. Hispanic has broadened its which potential over the previous couple of many years. From Wikpedia: Hispanic-The term now refers back to the lifestyle and persons of the Spanish-speaking international places of Hispanic united statesa. and Spain; or international places with a historic legacy from Spain. So how approximately we provide those persons a injury, and stop on being the nationality police.
- Anonymous9 years ago
the Cubans you refer to would be of native american stock
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- thegreatoneLv 79 years ago
They've all been killed off by the Europeans who invaded centuries ago.
- Anonymous9 years ago
i think they look like native americans