Warren Court question?
What effects does the Warren Court have of society today?
- Mr. SmartypantsLv 79 years agoFavorite Answer
Earl Warren was appointed by president Eisenhower. It's said that Warren 'disappointed' Eisenhower by moving sharply to the left once he was on the court. But there's a theory that Eisenhower knew how liberal Warren would be and had appointed him for just that reason. Eisenhower himself was quite liberal for a Republican of that time, and he'd be considered downright radical today.
The Warren court made the whole Civil Rights movement possible with cases like Brown v. Board of Education (outlawing 'separate but equal' facilities for blacks), and Reynolds v Simms (requiring fairer reapportionment). The big Civil Rights laws were passed in the 60s, under LBJ, but they had their roots in decisions made by the Supreme Court in the 50s.
The Warren Court also upheld the Bill of Rights (which has been considerably eroded since) with decisions like Miranda v. Arizona (mandating that a person being arrested must be advised that he has the right not to testify against himself).
The Wikipedia entry for 'Warren Court' has a list of the important decisions:
Racial segregation: Brown v. Board of Education, Bolling v. Sharpe, Cooper v. Aaron, Gomillion v. Lightfoot, Griffin v. County School Board, Green v. School Board of New Kent County, Lucy v. Adams, Loving v. Virginia
Voting, redistricting, and malapportionment: Baker v. Carr, Reynolds v. Sims, Wesberry v. Sanders
Criminal procedure: Brady v. Maryland, Mapp v. Ohio, Miranda v. Arizona, Escobedo v. Illinois, Gideon v. Wainwright, Katz v. United States, Terry v. Ohio
Free speech: New York Times Co. v. Sullivan, Brandenburg v. Ohio, Yates v. United States, Roth v. United States, Jacobellis v. Ohio, Memoirs v. Massachusetts, Tinker v. Des Moines School District
Establishment Clause: Engel v. Vitale, Abington School District v. Schempp
Free Exercise Clause: Sherbert v. Verner
Right to privacy and reproductive rights: Griswold v. Connecticut
Cruel and unusual punishment: Trop v. Dulles, Robinson v. California