點點 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

BE動詞的分法

我英文有著很大的問題= =

就是什麼時候用

is are

did do does

was were

have has had

之類的....

像是有的題目是過去式

我就會不知道要用did還是was又或著是have = ="....

2.

還有我不會分祈使句跟動名詞.....

也不會分動名詞什麼時候用Ving開頭什麼時候是用To V開頭

送20點 !!! 希望會的大大可以幫忙一下....

因為在18天我就要基測了 ....

Update:

TO : 綠蓉

謝謝!!

這樣我大概懂了

也謝謝其他人^^

有幾個問題 希望妳可以幫我解答一下

就是你說的 He She it後面的動詞要加s

可是我記得我之前好像有看過是主詞是人名 後面也加s耶?

例如:

Tina likes.....之類的

所以人名後面也要加S嗎???

有一題

A:Do you know where the library is ?

B:Just (keep) going for two more blocks and you'll see it.

括號裡面我原本寫Keeping

但是解答說她是祈使句 所以要用原V

可是我看不出來那句哪裡像祈使句了= =

5 Answers

Rating
  • 9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    一.be動詞 be 在現在式時=am(I) are(You/We/They) is(he/she/it)

    [You=你/你們]

    be 過去式時=was(I/He/She/It) were(其他)be動詞後面要接名詞、形容詞或表示進行現在式↓

    ex.I am a girl. (名詞)

    ex.He is smart. (形容詞)

    ex.She is doing homework now. (進行式) (並不是有now一定進行,但現在沒法子慢慢講了)過去式↓

    ex.I was sick yesterday. (形容詞)

    ex.He was a student. (名詞)

    ex.They were watching TV at that time. (進行式)

    ※必用過去式進行式的時間:then(那時)=at that time 二.助動詞 現在式:do(其他) does(He She It)

    ※跟剛才不同的是,I 這裡是分在其他組裡面!過去式:did(全部)助動詞後面要加原型動詞(不能變化),在"肯定的句子中"要把助動詞省略現在↓

    ex. He likes the book. (肯定) (He She It 後面的動詞要加"s")

    ex. Do I forget to bring anything ? (疑問)

    ex. She does not eat it. (否定) (不能變化)過去↓

    ex. I washed the dishes. (肯定)

    ex. Did you play my toy? (疑問) ( 原本要用played,但此句有did)

    ex.I did not touch your things. (否定) (同疑問句)※必用過去式的時間:the day before yesterday(昨天的前一天=前天) / yesterday(昨日)過去式動詞的特殊型態請一定要背!篇幅不夠請請教老師有哪些特殊動詞

    ★動詞後面不一定+s,也會+es等,跟同學借個筆記來看吧三.未來式 助動詞:will/be going to 後面必接原型動詞ex.I will buy it tomorrow.

    ex.He is going to go to the zoo.

    四.完成式助動詞:have/has/have been/has been後面必接過去分詞分詞舉例:go-went-gone,gone即是過去分詞 (特殊動詞)通常會使用的是yet(還沒) already(已經)yet只能用在疑問跟否定句

    already則用在肯定句1.Have you done your homework yet ?

    2.I haven't done it yet.

    3.I've already done it. = I've done it already.※完成式時間:

    once(twice...等)、lately(recently:最近)、so far(到目前為止)、How long、just、since(自從)、for+時間、頻率副詞(指經驗)、按照順序寫例句1.Dad has seen the movie twice.

    2.I haven't seen Mary lately.

    3.So far I have done well on my English test.

    4.How long have you studied English ?

    ※How long ago + 過去式

    5.He has just done his homework.

    ※句尾有just now(剛剛)則用過去式

    6.I have stuied English since two years ago. => 從兩年前我就在學英文

    ※完成式 + since + 過去式

    7.I have stuied English for two years ago. => 我學英文已經兩年

    8.I have never been there. => never(從沒有)表示的是經驗

    ※there前面不可以+to喔~五.祈使句 凡表示命令、警告、要求等,皆用此句型~此時的人稱為:You 但必省略 (因為是you,所以必接原型動詞)ex.Stop it ! (原句為: You stop it! 但You要省略)

    ex.Dont do that.(原本是Do not,但否定一定要連在一起)☆字數不夠意見補充

    2011-05-04 00:14:08 補充:

    六.to V/Ving

    特殊動詞↓

    A.[ would like(=want) / learn / wish(=hope) / agree / ask / plan / tell / seem /

    wish / volunteer(自願) / decide ] 必+to V

    B.[ practice / enjoy / finish / keep / spend / give up / avoid / quit / waste /

    feel like(想要) / miss(錯過) / How about ] 必+Ving

    2011-05-04 00:14:24 補充:

    C.[ like / love / hate / start / begin ] +to RV / Ving 皆同

    D.[ 人 need + to RV / 物 need + Ving (被動) ]

    [ stop + to RV -> 停下原本做的事去做v / stop + Ving -> 停止v ]

    [ try + to RV -> 盡力試 / try + Ving -> 試試看 ]

    [ remember + to RV -> 記得未做的事 / remember + Ving -> 記得已做的事 ]

    2011-05-04 00:14:46 補充:

    [ forget + to RV -> 忘了未做的事 / forget + Ving -> 忘了已做的事 ]

    ※若特殊的東西會搞混就先別記了

    特別的句型or片語↓

    be(get) used to(介系) + Ving -> 現在習慣 / used to RV -> 過去習慣

    look forward to(介) + Ving

    spend + (in) + Ving [因為省略了in(介)所以其實要用Ving]

    have fun + (in) + Ving / be busy + (in) + Ving / have trouble + (in) + Ving

    2011-05-04 00:15:11 補充:

    dream of = dream about 都+Ving [介系詞]的關係

    <一>主詞

    ex. Running is good for your health.

    =To run is good for your health.

    =It is good for your health to run. [此時的it是虛主詞]

    2011-05-04 00:16:05 補充:

    <二>主詞補語(簡單一點就請當成形容詞來記,反正基測不考他叫做主詞補語)

    Seeing is believing. (百聞不如一見) / To teach is to learn. (教學相長)

    Your bad habit is to read(=reading) in bed(=on the bed).

    <三>形容詞

    [ Ving + 名 -> 表用途,沒動作 / 名 + to RV -> 有動作 ]

    Drink water => water for drink[當型容詞用,所以不是按照介係詞]

    2011-05-04 00:16:23 補充:

    Waiting room => waiting for room

    ※a drinking dog -> 現在分詞表示正在,而非動名詞當形容詞用

    Taipei is a good place to visit.

    He has no money to spend.

    <四>副詞

    (1). 動+to RV=表示目的

    (2). 形+to RV=原因

    (3). 副+to RV=結果

    2011-05-04 00:16:36 補充:

    Ex. I'm glad(形) to see you. [說明開心的”原因”]

    He is old enough to go to school. [結果]

    I study hard to enter a public senior high school. [目的]

    (完結!我刪掉了很多東西呢...Orz)

    2011-05-04 22:22:24 補充:

    是的,Tina後面的動詞要加上s

    因為Tina是"單數"

    單數後面的動詞都要加s

    至於那提祈使句

    B:Just (keep) going for two more blocks and you'll see it.

    他後面有提到"you",and此句為"所以"的意思

    因此前面的主詞也是you

    而句子省略了主詞,因此是祈使句

  • 9 years ago

    板大你好!!很榮幸能為你回答!

    說實在話,對於剩下的18天而言,你可能會準備不完!,因為英文這門科目要讀的和要了解的實在是太多了!!

    我只能大概幫你釐清一下觀念:

    1.Be動詞:

    時態 / 第一人稱 / 第3人稱 /

    現在式/ are / is /

    過去式/ were / was /

    完成式/ have+p.p / has+p.p/ { 過去完成式/ had+p.p/ 一樣/ }

    但有時並不是指時態,指是單單作"擁有"

    EX: I have a toy car.{我有一輛玩具車,所以這裡的have指的是"有"}

    未來式/ will be / will be /

    P.S: p.p代表過去分詞

    EX: go(現在) / went(過去) / gone(過去分詞)

    我來設個題目好了, 如果題目說:

    I ____ a great time with my friends yesterday.

    A. has B.have C. had ,那麼答案會是 C 因為題目給了我們一個很大的線 索,"yesterday"昨天,因為是昨天發生的,所以應選過去是的 "had"

    至於板大說不知如何分辨要用do, is ,have,你要由文義判斷,像上面那個例題就不能用do 或 is 而是要用 have,為了方便判別我個例3個句子:

    a. I always do my school assignments on time.(我常及時做完我的作業)

    b. She is the smartest student in our class.(她是我們班上最聰明的學生)

    c. 上已有例句.

    2.祈使句,通常都已原型動詞的形式出現,並帶有命令語氣

    EX: Stop smoking, it will kill you!! (別再抽菸了,它會害了你)

    再來,如果是一般動詞 當句首,那就得用動名詞當主詞

    S+V (基本的句型結構,名詞+動詞) 所以要把動詞轉換成名詞,就必須將他改為V-ing(動名詞)

    EX: Doing homework is my daily routine.(寫作業是我每天的例行公事)

    希望對你有幫助!!

    2011-05-03 23:21:56 補充:

    我另外在提供一下,如果克漏字題目有出到"since"這個字,就得注意一下

    完成式...................SINCE....................過去式

    這就是它的形態

    有問題再問,畢竟時間也不多了.....

    2011-05-04 18:05:49 補充:

    還有,如果有遇到 穿著或是長相而要妳選介系詞

    IN---------穿著(例如:外套.上衣......等), WITH 則是要用於長相、表情,以及"配件"(98年基測有考過!!,例如:手機、眼鏡......等)

    EX: The man "in" a black jacket is my brother.

    EX: The little girl eats a apple "with" smile.

    2011-05-04 18:07:08 補充:

    忘記加了一個 a

    第二題: { with a smile }

    Source(s): 某個讀高職外科的人...., **, 0.0, 0.0
  • Anonymous
    9 years ago

    如果只剩18天,知識+問太慢了

    建議你直接問老師同學親朋好友比較快

  • 9 years ago

    is是用在單數 are則是複數(be動詞)

    did是do的過去式 does是用在第三人稱(助動詞)

    was是is的過去式 were是are的過去式(過去式be動詞)

    其他你家我即時我和你說好了= =

    sport62500

    Source(s): me
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  • 老登
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    這樣講講差不多是一本文法書了ㄟ

    18天之內教完還要懂,還有別的文法 ,有困難哩!

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