Easy algebra 1 math problem?

A boat traveled 40 miles downstream and back. The trip downstream took 2 hours. The trip back took 10 hours. What is the speed of the boat in still water. What is the speed of the current?

Can't figure this out! explain please and thank you

---the answer is boat= 12 mph current= 8mph

??

5 Answers

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  • TomV
    Lv 7
    9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    b = speed of boat in still water

    c = speed of current

    time = distance/speed

    Upstream against the current:

    10 =40/(b-c)

    Downstream with the current

    2 = 40/(b+c)

    10b-10c = 40

    2b +2c = 40 : multiplied by 5 => 10b + 10c = 200

    add the two equations:

    10b + 10b - 10c + 10c = 40 + 200

    20b = 240

    b = 12 mph

    2(12) + 2c = 40

    2c = 40-24 = 16

    c = 8

    Speed of current c = 8 mph

    Speed of boat b = 12 mph

  • 9 years ago

    Let x = boat speed & y = current speed

    upstream speed = x -y

    downstream speed = x+y

    use d =vt

    Upstream

    20 = (x-y)10

    2 = x -y (1)

    Downstream

    20 = (x +y)2

    10 = x +y (2)

    (1) + (2) gives 12 = 2x

    so x = 6 mph

    sub. x=6 into (2)

    10 = 6 +y

    so y = 4 mph

    Boat speed is 6 mph & current speed is 4 mph

  • Anonymous
    9 years ago

    I'll give it a go.

    Trip down stream is 40mi takes 2hours - Speed = distance/time

    s=d/t

    s=40/2

    s=20mi/hr

    Trip back is 40mi takes 10 hours - Speed = distance/time

    s=d/t

    s=40/10

    s=4mi/hr

    Therefore the current would be 20mi/hr - 4 mi/hr = 16mi/hr so 8mi/hr for each trip

    so the boat speed down stream is 20mi/hr less current 8mi/hr leaves 12mi/hr

    and the trip back is 4mi/hr plus currnt 8mi/hr makes it also 12mi/hr.

    That's how I would work it out anyway.

  • Mike G
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    40/[B+C] = 2 where B = boat speed and C = current

    40 = 2B + 2C ..........(1)

    200 = 10B+10C....(2)

    40/[B-C] = 10

    40 = 10B-!0C

    Add equation (2)

    240 = 20B

    B= 12 mph

    40 = 24 + 2C

    C = 8 mph

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