英文翻譯問題!!請商科人士幫忙回答一下!!15點!

1.Excessive optimisme過度樂觀:

People overestimate how frequently they will experience favorable outcomes and underestimate how frequently they will experience unfavorable outcomes.

2.Confirmation biasu驗證偏誤:

People attach too much importance to information that supports their views relative to information that runs counters to their views.

3.Loss aversion損失趨避:

Psychologically,people experience a loss more acutely than a gain of the same magnitude.

4.Aversion to a sure loss確定損失趨避:

People choose to accept an actuarially unfair risk in an attempt to avoid a sure loss.

5.P/E heuristic:

An approach to valuation based on multiplying a P/E ratio and an earnings forecast.

6.PEG heuristic:

An approach to valuation based on multiplying a PEG ratio,an earnings forecast,and a forecast of the growth rate.

7.Price-to-sales heuristic:

An approach to valuation based on multiplying a price-to-sales ratio and a sales forecast.

1 Answer

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  • 9 years ago
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    要瞭解 5, 6, 7的名詞,首先要瞭解heuristi models的意義。

    我節錄了以下網站的定義 ( http://wiki.mbalib.com/zh-tw/%E5%B0%9D%E8%AF%95%E6...

    嘗試搜索模型嘗試搜索模型(heuristic models)是用系統的方法尋找“解決方案”的一種途徑。在複雜性和不確定性很高的環境下,利用電腦技術,用系統的方法尋找“最滿意而不是最優解決方案”的一種模型,是方案選擇評估的一種方法。

    5, 6, 7是評估公司市值時,所構建的財務模型(financial modeling)的三種基準。甚麼時候公司會要評估自己的市值呢?未上市以前,公司在募集新一輪增資時,或是有購併案子進行時。總得開個價碼吧!這就是company valuation。另外準備上市了或上市後,公司的上市價格以及後來的股價,更是緊繫於公司市值。  

    5.P/E heuristic: 以市盈率(或稱本益比)為評估的法則

    An approach to valuation based on multiplying a P/E ratio and an earnings forecast.

    6.PEG heuristic: 以本益比 / 成長率比值 為評估的法則

    An approach to valuation based on multiplying a PEG ratio,an earnings forecast,and a forecast of the growth rate.

    7.Price-to-sales heuristic: 以市值營收比例為評估的法則

    An approach to valuation based on multiplying a price-to-sales ratio and a sales forecast.

    Source(s): MBA智庫百科
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