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Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 9 years ago

What was Vladimir Lenin's wartime agricultural policy?

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  • 9 years ago
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    The wartime policy was known as War communism and lasted from 1918 to 1921, after which, when the Civil War had been won, the New Economic Policy was introduced.

    The aims were:

    To socialise the economy - to nationalise all industry and the banks.

    To feed the cities.

    It had eight principles:

    1 All large factories to be controlled by the government.

    2 Production planned and organised by the government.

    3 Discipline for workers were strict and striker could be shot.

    4 Obligatory labour duty was imposed onto "non-working classes".

    5 prodrazvyorstka -- requisition of agricultural surpluses from peasants in excess of absolute minimum for centralised distribution among the remaining population.

    6 Food and most commodities were rationed and distributed in a centralised way.

    7 Private enterprise became illegal.

    8 Military-like control of railroads was introduced.

    According to the aims, War Communism was a partial success. The economy was taken into the hands of the state, and food was brought into the cities. But, by every other measure it was a failure. Production dropped to pre-war levels, especially in agriculture - as peasants had no incentive to produce crops as the Red Guard simply stole whatever they could find.

    See:

    http://www.fact-index.com/w/wa/war_communism.html

    http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/war_communism...

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  • 9 years ago

    Perhaps the most famous contradictions in early Soviet History would be Lenin's New Economic Policy, or NEP for short. It was essentially a compromise with capitalism for during the war so that the economy wouldn't totally plummet. While the Soviet Government would control major industries and economic entities, smaller private economic actions were allowed. Essentially, while the most important things remained socialist, ground-level micro transactions were unregulated and private.

    You can get more information here;

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Economic_Policy

    Source(s): Robert Service's Biography of Lenin
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