Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會及文化語言 · 9 years ago

英文an obligation同埋可數問題

我想問解

I have no friends 明明冇但係就要+s呢?

第2

obligation係 uncountable 同countable

咁平時見到

she has an obligation to XXXX

咁佢點數呢? 同埋 點解成日都加an呢?

eg)

nobody has an obligation to do anything

點解 唔係 has obligations (既然數到,情況如同no friends)

可能我問題唔係咁好...但係唔該晒你地解答我問題

thx

Update:

thx pepe

我岩岩查左字典,原來a 唔一定=1個...thxthx

同埋Jenkin,

我有D唔明 例子2

nobody has an obligation 果到

你話nobody既negative既野唔會有數量,唔可以用an

但係如果換 obligation 做duty呢?

有時我見到 D 例句有

nobody has a duty to......XXXX....

咁點解呢個又用a 呢?

thx

3 Answers

Rating
  • 9 years ago
    Best Answer

    We were under obligation to finish the work in a satisfactory way.

    2011-04-07 15:34:43 補充:

    第1:我想問I have no friends 明明冇但係就要+s呢? No:作數形容詞 例如: He has no books. * "He has no book."亦可,"no"後可用單數。 He has no brothers/brother.http://www.npc.edu.hk/staff/~ngtungying/english_gr...

    第2:obligation係 uncountable 同countable咁佢點數呢? 同埋 點解成日都加an呢?可用係 uncountableWe were under obligation to finish the work in a satisfactory way. 我們有義務圓滿地完成工作。亦可countableWe were under (an) obligation to finish the work in a satisfactory way. 我們有(一份)義務圓滿地完成工作。

  • Jenkin
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    例句一:

    用friends是正正是一個寫法把一樣實在的東西(有一個朋友, 兩個朋友,幾個朋友,甚至是一班朋友)的countable詞generalize成為非量化詞,所以雖然數量上是零,規則上應該是「單數」,但由於意義上是汎指所有稱為「朋友」這東西,或如果你要用量化的想法是「所有朋友」這意識,所以才會加s,以包含這意思。

    例句二:

    nobody has an obligation to do anything

    這句是錯的寫法,說negative(非/負面)的用詞事,nobody所要做的便不會用有量的數值詞an ...,而要用any ...

    全句應該寫為:

    nobody has any obligations to do anything.

    這裏的obligation也會用上+s,理由跟上句一相同。

  • 9 years ago

    第 1

    I have no friends. ( 如果 friends in general 要 +s )

    Another example: Do you have any friends? No, I don't have any friends. ( friends in general 要 +s )

    但係 friend 不 要+s , 如果 friend 係 specific (特定) friend

    Example:

    Do you have any friend who would be interested in working on Sunday?

    No, I don't have any friend who would be interested.

    第 2

    She has an obligation to do something

    obligation 係抽象名詞 abstract noun, 同 countable 或 uncountable 沒有相關

    countable 同 uncountable 係 關於 concrete nouns 具體名詞 ( air or water is uncountable, trees and chairs are countable etc.)

    Example:

    He has an obligation to respect the law.

    There are several obligations attached to the job.

    Source(s): teacher
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.