Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

和實驗相關的翻譯和文法請教,protocol和preced?

可以煩請翻譯以下兩段英文(藍色處),我想和我翻的對照看看,另外還有以下問題,謝謝。

Laboratory protocol 如何正確翻譯?應該不會是實驗室協議吧。。。

When collecting data realting to physiological reactivity, the laboratory protocol must include a baseline phase, where reactivity is measured while the subject is in a relaxed state.

為什麼用Where?文法上的意義為何?可以用Which嗎?

The baseline phase precedes the task phase, where the paticipants are subjected to the laboratory manipulation or task.

precedes 該如何翻譯?The baseline phase precedes the task phase 該如何詮釋?

2 Answers

Rating
  • 9 years ago
    Best Answer

    [Laboratory protocol 如何正確翻譯?]

    laboratory protocol 是「實驗計劃」或「實驗方案」。

    在科學實驗上,protocol 是指實驗的「計畫」或「規範」: the plan for a scientific experiment; a set of rules to be followed in a scientific experiment。在這裡講的是一個實驗方案的設計。

    [... must include a baseline phase, where reactivity is measured ...

    為什麼用Where?文法上的意義為何?可以用Which嗎?]

    這裡不能用 which。之所以用 where,是因為要用副詞。用字的變化是這樣:

    ... must include a baseline phase, and in the phase reactivity is measured ...

    = ... must include a baseline phase, in which reactivity is measured ...

    = ... must include a baseline phase, where reactivity is measured ...

    這裡意思是「... 必須包括一個基線階段,在這個階段中做 reactivity 的評量」。

    「在這個階段中」,英語是 in the phase,介係詞片語做副詞修飾動詞 is measured。 為了連結前後,將它改成 「介係詞 + 關代」 in which ,有了 and 的連結功能,又用副詞的功用;接著更進一步,乾脆直接用關係副詞 where 就好了!

    其實,你經常可在文法書上看到 in which = where,只是文法書總是說這叫做表示「地方」,往往使人誤以為只有「地點」才能用 where。所以看到類似這裡取代 in the phase、 in the way 的句子,就傻眼了。

    這裡不能只用關係代名詞 which ,因為代名詞不能修飾動詞 is measured。一定要用 in which 或 where。

    [The baseline phase precedes the task phase, where the participants are subjected to the laboratory manipulation or task.

    precedes 該如何翻譯?The baseline phase precedes the task phase 該如何詮釋?]

    A precedes B 是「A先於B」、「在B之前先做A」的意思。

    這裡 The baseline phase precedes the task phase 是說,在這個實驗計劃裡,「基線階段要先於任務階段」。

  • Ed
    Lv 6
    9 years ago

    Protocol 此處指規範或操作準則。 The baseline phase precedes the task phase. 意指 實驗先操作 baseline phase 再進行 task phase. (A precedes B, A 先於 B 而行)

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.