Compare and contrast the three main theories of language development.?
What are the Compare and contrast the three main theories of language development.
- 9 years agoFavorite Answer
This is the information you need. From this I'm sure you can find some similarities and differences. Good luck!
The Learning Perspective
The Learning perspective argues that children imitate what they see and hear,and that children learn from punishment and reinforcement.(Shaffer,Wood,& Willoughby,2002).
The main theorist associated with the learning perspective is B.F. Skinner. Skinner argued that adults shape the speech of children by reinforcing the babbling of infants that sound most like words. (Skinner,1957,as cited in Shaffer,et.al,2002).
The Nativist Perspective
The nativist perspective argues that humans are biologically programmed to gain knowledge.The main theorist associated with this perspective is Noam Chomsky.
Chomsky proposed that all humans have a language acqusition device (LAD). The LAD contains knowledge of grammatical rules common to all languages (Shaffer,et.al,2002).The LAD also allows children to understand the rules of whatever language they are listening to.Chomsky also developed the concepts of transformational grammar, surface structure,and deep structure.
Transformational grammar is grammar that transforms a sentence. Surface structures are words that are actually written. Deep structure is the underlying message or meaning of a sentence. (Matlin,2005).
Interactionists argue that language development is both biological and social. Interactionists argue that language learning is influenced by the desire of children to communicate with others.
The Interactionists argue that "children are born with a powerful brain that matures slowly and predisposes them to acquire new understandings that they are motivated to share with others" ( Bates,1993;Tomasello,1995, as cited in shaffer,et al.,2002,p.362).
The main theorist associated with interactionist theory is Lev Vygotsky.Interactionists focus on Vygotsky's model of collaborative learning ( Shaffer,et al.,2002). Collaborative learning is the idea that conversations with older people can help children both cognitively and linguistically ( Shaffer,et.al,2002).Source(s): www.languagedevelopment.tripod.com/id15.html
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- MelissaLv 44 years ago
First off, my I suggest that you lose the 'dominant' religion jargon? It's an over-simplification and it's also wrong for much of the world's population. Judaism is in constant dialogue with ALL of its tradition. You'll know the Christianized version of our original texts, with all of its wee edits that create 'prophecies' for Jesus to fulfill. We also have layers of commentaries on those original texts, and commentaries on the commentaries, and so on. Jewish tradition is careful about how it amends itself. Take animal sacrifice. Besides being the broader cultural practice of the time, it made a lot of sense for nomadic shepherds. It didn't work so well during the Babylonian exile, when the 1st Temple was destroyed and the people were spread out. They had to come up with an alternative, which was prayer, to fulfill those commandments. To an outsider, it might make more sense to just remove the verses commanding Temple sacrifice. To Jews, that would be dishonoring Torah. Instead, we understand that the prayer services completely fulfill the commandments.
- 9 years ago
Just what does this mean:
"What are the Compare and contrast.? Did you just cut and paste? If this is your homework, try to draft and answer (at least on outline) and ask for feedback
None of the theories suggest you can develop in ANYTHING by cutting and pasting.
- IkeishaLv 44 years ago
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you really expect us to write an essay for you? Get over yourself. Start with Markov, that is where I would start anyway. Stupid question, you don't even say whether this is for a 12YO starting biology or a post-grad doing a psychology degree.