Why does Russia want Chechnya?

doing a project. Can't figure out what russia's interest is with Chechnya. --jay

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  • 9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    I am afraid it might be a long answer to your question, sorry.

    To understand the intricacies of the situation with Chechnya you have to be aware of both the Russian modern and recent history.

    Chechnya and the adjacent area became important for the Russian Empire during its wars against Turkish Ottoman Empire in end of 18th- beg. 19th centuries. The Russian Empire expanded its territory to Georgia (country, not US state) and Armenia at that time. If you look at the map you can realise that Chechnya is a geographic bridge between Southern Russia and Georgia/Armenia. It was important to have a safe corridor to those areas through the Chechen territory. When the Bolsheviks (communists) came to power in 1917 they managed to reinstate communist (NOT RUSSIAN) control over almost all territories which had been included into the Russian Empire, including Georgia and Armenia. Thus, Chechnya was still important for them from strategic point of view.

    When the USSR broke down in 1991 Armenia and Georgia became independent states. Chechnya was part of the Russian Republic within the USSR (there were 15 republics, all of them became independent states) that is why it did not gain the independence. Boris Yeltsin, who was the president of Russia at that time, was afraid that Russia would fall apart as it had been the case with the USSR because of the regional separatism. It was the main reason for the first Russian-Chechen war of 1994. Chechnya became a de-facto independent entity in 1996.

    Vladimir Putin who was elected as the Russian president after Yeltsin was very much obliged with his presidential success to his revanchist war against Chechnya (started in 2000). Putin’s military victory in Chechnya (Putin served as the Russian prime-minister at that time) became the basis of his success at the presidential elections. “Appeasement” of Chechnya became the political symbol of his terms. That is why to withdraw from Chechnya would mean the admission of his failure as a politician.

    But! The public opinion in Russia is generally in support for separation of Chechnya from the rest of Russia. Chechnya has no any economic or strategic value. There are no ethnic Russians living in Chechnya. In fact, Chechnya is monoethnic territory now. It’s an enormous burden for the Russian federal budget. There are huge ethnic tensions between ethnic Russians and Chechens. I am sure that it will be separated from Russia soon. But it won’t happen under the current government because as I said above Chechnya is Putin’s only “success”.

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  • Anonymous
    9 years ago

    The question is wrong. Just look at the map, Chechnya has been and is an integral part of Russia.

    Why would US want Texas or Alaska, why would UK want Wales, Spain - Country of Basques, Canada - Quebec etc. ? If Russia opens the separation process, there will be no country called Russia anymore - as we have couple of dozens of national republics, and the separatist moods are often there. If UK lets Wales, N.Ireland and Scotland go - there will be no country called UK. Now dig it?

    Source(s): Russian
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  • 9 years ago

    Having extremists set up a base right next to you , is a bad idea. Most Chechens don't want out of the Federation anyway. The vast majority of the Chechen people live in peace and Chechnya should be consider as much apart of the country as everyone eles.

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  • Ana
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    > Russia ... (accepted as a successor state) Not exactly right. According to the art.2 "Treaty of the succession of the USSR" of the 4th Dec 1991, the following countries are the successor states for the Soviet Union: Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tadjikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine and Estonia. So, Russia was accepted as ONE OF THE successor states. > After the dissolute of the Soviet Union, Russia granted 100 nationalities ethnic enclaves that had many formal federal rights attached. Not right. This was done in 1920th, not after the dissolution of the SU. Another important point you miss is the Chechen involvement in the civil war in Georgia. In 1993 Russia tried to increase its influence in the Northern Caucasus region by supporting the rebel side in the Georgian civil war. As the direct support of rebels might have international consequences, Russians supported them indirectly - rebels received military help from Russia-equipped and trained Chechen "irregular volunteers". The war promptly ended with the defeat of the Georgian government troops (that's how the rebel states Abkhazia and South Ossetia emerged). The units of the "irregular volunteers" returned back to Chechnya and turned against Russia. Actually, Chechnya was not to declare sovereignty from Russia until Russia provided it with trained and equipped military forces. Other points regarding the statuses of Russia and Chechen republic withing Russia were already pointed by other answers.

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  • Colin
    Lv 4
    9 years ago

    who said uk wanted wales we are all seperating it will be cornish and brigantia/britain and anglia next. still be uk to keep royalty the envy of the world. people want self-determination. if a map was painted showing all the republics and seperating regions russia would look a whole lot smaller even lose pacific seaboard the russian public would be outraged and putin putout

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  • 9 years ago

    1. "Pride": rulers in Moscow strongly believe that if they let Chechnya go then Russia may fall into pieces in the same way as USSR did.

    2. War is a great way to suck money from budget and divert people's attention to external enemy. An old and proven political trick. Just look at enthusiasm of American Forces in Iraq and Afghanistan.

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  • 4 years ago

    just simple reason,it is a rich part regarding minerals,oil and gase and its very important geographical location.......

    Eng m ikram khan

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  • K2010
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    In total agreement with Slava

    there is nothing else to add

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  • Anonymous
    9 years ago

    The short answer is due to the history and it's vitality.

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