What are the major differences between the Catholic Bible and the Protestant Bible/Bibles?

Please note that i am not asking about the extent of your belief in the claims made in these books. I am interested in comparing the different versions, so an answer like this: "Nothing, they are all lies, make believe, superstition etc" or this: "The So-And-So Church`s version is real and the others are heathen lies" would not be an appropriate answer to this question because i am asking for a literary comparison and any rant about the validity of the assertions in these classic works of literature would be pointless and off topic. Thank You

16 Answers

  • 9 years ago
    Best Answer


    In the Catholic Church the version used is the Douay-Rheims Bible consisting of 73 books. In the Protestant church only the 66 books approved by the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1885, which today is known as the Authorized King James Bible, are used. No other books, neither the Apocrypha, which was included in the original King James Bible, nor the 22 books mentioned or quoted in the King James Bible, are considered inspired.

    There was no specific list or accounting of all the books that made up the Bible until the commission of the first Bible by the Emperor Constantine in the 4th Century AD. The books that make up the Authorized King James Bible were chosen by men, who were inspired by the Holy Spirit. The language of the King James Bible is beautiful and poetic.

    Constantine began what was to become a centuries long effort to eliminate any book in the original Bible that was considered unacceptable to the new doctrine of the church. At that time, it is believed there were up to 600 books, which comprised the work we now know as the Bible. Through a series of decisions made by the early church leadership, all but 80 of those books, known as the King James Translation of 1611, were purged from the work, with a further reduction by the Protestant Reformation bringing the number to 66 in the "Authorized" King James Bible.


  • 9 years ago

    Well to start .. the the 7 books you keep hearing about ,that are in the Catholic Bible were actually taken out of the Protestant Bible ...by reformers..(people breaking away from the catholic Church

    (Protestants) They were removed because they support the teaching of the Roman catholic Church, and it is hard to be protestant with those books in there.

    Jesus and the Apostles, in both the Gospels and New testament quoted these books , proof that they saw these books and either heard or read from them.

    I read from Both Bibles Douay Rheims and KJV

    There are subtle differences in Language .. simple words here and there are different and mean something different from each other, These words can make or Break a theology , meaning a Catholic Understanding or a protestant understanding of scripture.

    The Oldest of the 2 is the Douay Bible, or Catholic Bible. That's just fact...

    So I can understand how the KJV Bible or protestant Bible would be worded to fit protestant understanding ...to support the theology...

    If you do a search /: " The Decree of Pope St. Damasus I, Council of Rome. 382 A.D...."

    You will see the full list of scripture that was cannonized By the Catholic Church and the Pope ...the 7 books in topic are included in this list... This is the very first official Bible ...St Jerome was the one to translate from Hebrew , greek, Aramaic ...into Latin Vulgate.. this is where the Douay bible comes from... protestants say he made mistakes ....he did not...

    All of these men were guided by the Holy Spirit in selecting the books of scripture, Jerome knew and spoke, as well as wrote all the languages of scripture,

  • JusTmE
    Lv 5
    9 years ago

    Well, first there was just the Catholic Church...with the Catholic Bible. Then, some certain someones didn't care for certain parts of the Catholic Church and certain parts of the Bible...it did not fit into their lifestyle. So the first Protestant Church formed when former Catholics protested and took out seven books of the Bible that were not to their liking.

  • Matt
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    Nothing except the protestant Bible drops out seven books that did not jive with their beliefs. The Catholics put the Bible together and many hundreds of years later various protestants took that Bible and just cut out a few books. No other difference.

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  • Te Rex
    Lv 6
    9 years ago

    Old Testament Apocrypha: These documents are the only Bible-like record

    of the Inter-testament Period. The Bible record ends with Malachi, there is a

    400 year period, then the birth of Christ and the beginning of the New

    Testament record. Some of these books are historical in nature.

    Old Testament Apocrypha: "Profitable and good to read." Martin Luther

    "If not inspired, inspiring."

    "The Old Testament apocrypha have been variously included and omitted

    from bibles over the course of the centuries. Protestant churches generally

    exclude the apocrypha (though the King James version of 1611 included

    them). The Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches include all of the

    apocrypha (except for the books of Esdras and the Prayer of Manasseh),

    but refer to them as "deuteron-canonical" books. In this context, the term

    "apocrypha" generally refers to writings entirely outside of the biblical

    canon and not considered inspired (such as the Gospel of Thomas). These

    same books are referred to by Protestants as the "pseudoepigrapha."

    These documents provide an indispensable resource for churches relying

    totally on the 1611 King James Version.

    Some documents are scanned, others are edited for readability and by the

    addition of links to other resources. In time, we will annotate most of these

    documents to show the background to Biblical allusions.

    1 Esdras

    2 Esdras (4 Ezra)



    Judith Gets A Head of Holophernes

    Esther, The Rest of

    1 Maccabees

    2 Maccabees

    Wisdom of Solomon, The

    Sirach, Wisdom of or Ecclesiasticus

    The Song Of The Three (Prayer of Azariah)

    Prayer of Manasseh (Addition to Daniel)


    Daniel, Bell and the Dragon (addition to Daniel)

    Daniel and Susanna (addition to Daniel)

    Letter of Jeremiah (Baruch Chapter 6)

    3 Maccabees

    4 Maccabees Append in Greek Bible

    Psalm 151

    Testament of Job



    Wisdom of Solomon

    Ecclesiasticus, or the Wisdom of Jesus the Son of Sirach


    Letter of Jeremiah (= Baruch ch. 6)

    The Additions to the Book of Daniel:

    Prayer of Azariah and the Song of the Three Jews


    Bel and the Dragon

    1 Maccabees

    2 Maccabees

    1 Esdras (= 2 Esdras in Slavonic = 3 Esdras in Appendix to Vulgate)

    Prayer of Manasseh (in Appendix to Vulgate)

    Psalm 151, following Psalm 150 in the Greek Bible

    3 Maccabees

    2 Esdras (= 3 Esdras in Slavonic = 4 Esdras in Vulgate Appendix)

    4 Maccabees

  • Anonymous
    9 years ago

    I read your requirements, but I just had to answer. Sorry I'm not answering your specific question.

    I hope you learn the bottom-line message from your question and your research. That there are many many versions and differences and variations and contradictions and errors in all these bibles. Tons of stuff has been left out and added to ALL bibles, word-of-mouth stuff and written stuff. You cannot trust ANY bible at the end of the day!!!

  • 9 years ago

    The Roman Catholic Church did not follow the Protestant revisions, and they continue to base their Old Testament on the Septuagint. The result is that their versions of the the Bible have more Old Testament books than most Protestant versions. Catholic Old Testaments include 1st and 2nd Maccabees, Baruch, Tobit, Judith, The Wisdom of Solomon, Sirach (Ecclesiasticus), additions to Esther, and the stories of Susanna and Bel and the Dragon which are included in Daniel.

  • Anonymous
    9 years ago

    Seven books are in the Catholic Old Testament but not in the Protestant OT due to Martin Luther's excising them: Baruch, Wisdom, 1 and 2 Maccabees, Tobias, Judith, and Ecclesiasticus. Likewise, the Books of Daniel and Esther are somewhat different.

    This is due to the Catholic Church's using all the books of the Septuagint (Greek translation of the Old Testament), whereas the Protestants only use those with Hebrew sources, considering the above books Apocrypha.

    The New Testament, however, is identical throughout Christianity.


  • 9 years ago

    See: www.bibleoutline.org

    This will give you a comparative analysis of all 66 books in the Bible, against 17 of the most common used but; different bibles.

  • Anonymous
    9 years ago

    Many of the books were deleted by Protestants because they came from periods when the scriptures were translated into Greek.

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