what's the difference between the Spanish Inquisition and the Roman Catholic Inquisition?

or are they the same? it's hard to figure out because half of the sites are basically anti-Christian hate speech and really aren't educationally relevant. Any clarification/good links would be much appreciated

3 Answers

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  • Zarn
    Lv 7
    9 years ago
    Best Answer

    Nobody expects the Spanish Inquisition!

    Well, all jokes aside...

    You've probably heard of Torquemada. Good ol' Thomas is the poster boy for the Spanish Inquisition. The Spanish Inquisition was a tribunal established in 1478 by the Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. It was intended to maintain Catholic orthodoxy in their kingdoms, and to replace the Medieval Inquisition which was under Papal control.

    The Roman Catholic Inquisition, however, is the institution of the Roman Catholic Church for combating heresy. So it is distinct from the Spanish Inquisition. In the 13th century, Pope Gregory IX (reigned 1227–1241) assigned the duty of carrying out inquisitions to the Dominican Order. They used inquisitorial procedures, a legal practice common at that time. They judged heresy alone, using the local authorities to establish a tribunal and to prosecute heretics. After the end of the twelfth century, a Grand Inquisitor headed each Inquisition. Grand Inquisitions persisted until the 19th century.

    By the start of the 16th century the Roman Catholic Church had reached an apparently dominant position as the established religious authority in western and central Europe dominating a faith-landscape in which Judaism, Waldensianism, Hussitism, Lollardry and the finally conquered Muslims al-Andalus hardly figured in terms of numbers or of influence. When the institutions of the church felt themselves threatened by what they perceived as the heresy, and then schism of the Protestant Reformation, they reacted. Paul III (Pope from 1534 to 1549) established a system of tribunals, administered by the "Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Universal Inquisition", and staffed by cardinals and other Church officials. This system would later become known as the Roman Inquisition.

    In 1908 Saint Pope Pius X renamed the organisation: it became the "Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office". This in its turn became the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith in 1965, which name continues to this day.

  • elts
    Lv 4
    9 years ago

    The Catholic Church held a number of inquisitions over the centuries to combat heresy across Europe. Heresy refers to an alteration of a system of religious beliefs, so it was primarily those groups which held beliefs that diverged from Catholicism that were under scrutiny, because they were considered to be threatening the salvation of the people with their false beliefs. Pelagianism, Arianism, Protestantism, Catharism, and Adoptionism are examples of such heresies.

    The Spanish Inquisition lasted over three and a half centuries, but the most activity occurred in its first 50 years. Although the Catholic Church is often blamed for the "millions" of deaths during this time, the number of executions number only a few thousand over the entire course of the Inquisition. Secondly, the Spanish monarchy had full control over the Inquisition and the inquisitors that conducted them.

    While there isn't an inquisition specifically called the 'Roman Catholic Inquisition', there was the Roman Inquisition, which was conducted primarily in Malta and Italy, to deal with the increasing threat of witchcraft, sorcery, blasphemy, and Protestantism in the Italian peninsula.

    Here's more detailed information if you are interested:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Inquisition

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_Inquisition

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_heresies_in_C...

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heresy

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inquisition

    Hope this helps

  • brobst
    Lv 4
    3 years ago

    The Catholic Church is created from 23 diverse churches that each and each one settle for the Bishop of Rome (Mr. Pope!) as their head. by ability of a few distance the biggest of the 23 is the Roman Catholic Church. the different 22 churches are positioned quite a lot completely contained in the east. i have attended Byzantine Divine Liturgies and they are fairly attractive! :)

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