Many things are done to make a female sex change operation work. There is a lot done, so while I will try and answer your question as thoroughly as I can, I will also include some sources for you to look at yourself.
In female-to-male surgery, the person has a mastectomy, hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy done. A mastectomy is when the breasts of the female body are removed and a new, male chest is sculpted. Hysterectomy is when the uterus is removed, and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is when the ovaries and fallopian tubes are removed.
A new penis is "grown" (for lack of a better word) by using hormones to make the clitoris bigger or tissue grafts are used from the arms, thighs or stomach of the patient. An erectile prosthetic may be used instead. The labia majora are used to form a scrotum and prosthetic testicles are used.
Liposuction maybe done on the thighs, hips and buttocks to give a more masculine shape to the patients body. The hormones taken will also make hair grow on the face, and plastic surgery may done on the face to give a more masculine appearance.
Hope this answers your question! :)
(This website shows some drawings of how surgery is done. You may not want to click it if you're squimish or have small children nearby who are prone to night mares. I don't think it's that bad, but some people might.)
· 9 years ago