How to solve this linear algebra problem?
Express the polynomial p(t)= 3+9t^2 as a linear combination of the polynomials:
- Astral WalkerLv 79 years agoFavorite Answer
So there must be some c1, c2, c3 such that
c1*f + c2*g + c3*h = p
c1(1 + 2t^2) + c2(1 + t) + c3(1 + 2t + t^2) = 3 + 9t^2
Now collect all terms.
(c1 + c2 + c3) + (c2 + 2c3)t + (2c1 + c3)t^2 = 3 + 9t^2
So now you have 3 equations and 3 unknowns. You can solve this via matrices but this seems straightforward to solve via substitution.
Matching all the coefficients you get
c1 + c2 + c3 = 3
c2 + 2c3 = 0 --> c2 = -2c3
2c1 + c3 = 9 --> c1 = (9 - c3)/2
Substituing you get
(9 - c3)/2 - 2c3 + c3 = 3
4.5 - 3c3/2 = 3
9 - 3c3 = 6
c3 = 1
c2 = -2
c1 = 4
So now go back to the original equation and substitue the coefficients.
4f(t) - 2g(t) + h(t) = p(t)