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Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

who was the first king of England?

4 Answers

  • Ragnar
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Athelstan, from 927.

    Before the Vikings invaded what is now England, there were several kingdoms in it's place, Northumbria, East Anglia, Mercia and Wessex.

    The Vikings took East Anglia and Northumbria, and over ran half of Mercia, before turning on Wessex. By the winter of 877, the Vikings were in control of all of what is now England expect the marshland around Athelney, where Alfred the Great took refuge.

    In the spring of 878, Alfred the Great mustered an army and met the Vikings at the Battle of Eddington. The exact site of the battle is not known for sure, but the most likely place is Bratton Camp, the site of an Iron Age hill fort in Wiltshire, and the Westbury White Horse.

    The Battle of Eddington was a desicive victory for Alfred the Great and the Anglo-Saxons. The Vikings fled the field and where chased to Chippenham, where they were beseiged for two weeks, until they agreed to sign a peace treaty. (Treaty of Wedmore)

    According to the terms of the Treaty, England was divided into two territories, the boundary was a Roman road which ran between London and Liverpool. The Danes controlled the territory to the north, and the Anglo-Saxons, (Alfred the Great and the Earl of Mercia) controlled the territory to the south.

    Alfred knew that Eddington, as significant as it was, only meant that he had defeated one Viking chief, and there were many others who would no doubt be attracted to Wessex who were not bound by this treaty, and Vikings didn't have a good track record of honouring treaties.

    So Alfred used this treaty to buy time to organise his army, build a navy, and build a chain of fortified towns "burghs" along his frontier with the Danelaw. This was partly to fortify his holdings, and partly to lay foundation for his ultimate vision, a unified England, born out of the reconquest of the Danelaw.

    Most of this reconquest was actually done by his son, Edward the Elder, but it was completed by his grandson Athelstan the Glorious, when he took York in 927.

    Offa of Mercia and Egbert of Wessex were titled as Kings of the English or Anglo-Saxons. But neither of their unifications lasted.

    The unification of England which began with Alfred the Great, and was completed by Athelstan the Glorious has lasted to this day, and resulted in the nation of England as we know it.

  • Randal
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    The first person to assume the title Rex Anglorum (King of the English) was Offa of Mercia, though his power did not survive him.

    The continuous list of English monarchs traditionally begins with Egbert of Wessex in 829. Alfred the Great and his son Edward the Elder used the title "King of the Anglo-Saxons". After Athelstan conquered Northumbria in 927, he adopted the title Rex Anglorum. Starting with Henry II in 1154, the title became Rex Angliae (King of England).

  • ?
    Lv 4
    5 years ago

    Prince Phillip Mountbatten married into the Royal kinfolk. he isn't a blood kinfolk of the living house of Windsor so a procedures as i comprehend. So, he can't be king. Queen Elizabeth II is the daughter of George the VI. She substitute into not meant to inherit the throne. yet her Uncle King Edward the VIII (i've got faith) substitute right into a bachelor King who on no account married whilst King and abdicated without producing an inheritor. So Edward's brother Prince Albert grew to alter into King and took the call King George VI albeit particularly reluctantly. He too substitute into not predicted to inherit the throne the two. King George VI substitute into monarch for the duration of international conflict II and the stress of that conflict took a heavy toll. He died some years after the tip of the conflict. Princess Elizabeth substitute into on a royal excursion in Kenya whilst she have been given the sorrowful information of her father's passing. She went to mattress one evening a Princess and wakened day after immediately to the sorrowful information and the very genuine actuality she substitute into now Queen or could be very very quickly. at the instant Prince Charles is inheritor. he's a Windsor and could take the identify of King i've got faith.

  • 1 decade ago

    Lots of people say Alfred but 'england' then was different kingdoms such as Wessex and mercia

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