Who passed & discovered Brown V. Board Of Education?

like who made it happen?

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  • 9 years ago
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    In 1951, a suit was filed against the Board of Education of the City of Topeka in the U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas on behalf of Linda Brown, a third grader from Topeka, Kansas who was forced to walk a mile to her segregated black school, while a white school was only seven blocks from her house. Brown's suit had the backing of the NAACP, whose chief counsel, Thurgood Marshall--himself appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1967--argued the case. The District Court ruled in favor of the Board of Education, citing the U.S. Supreme Court precedent set in Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896)*, which allowed state laws requiring "separate but equal" facilities in railway cars for blacks and whites.

    The case of Brown v. Board of Education as heard before the Supreme Court combined four cases: Brown itself, Briggs v. Elliott (filed in South Carolina), Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County (filed in Virginia), and Gebhart v. Belton (filed in Delaware). All were NAACP-sponsored cases.

    The case was appealed to the United States Supreme Court. On 17 May 1954 the Warren Court handed down a unanimous 9-0 decision which stated, in no uncertain terms, that "Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."

    The 17 May 1954 decision reversed the Court's previous decision in Cumming v. Richmond County Board of Education, (1899)*, which had specifically validated the segregation of public schools. Brown did not, however, result in the immediate desegregation of America's public schools, nor did it mandate desegregation of other public facilities, such as restaurants or bathrooms, which would not be accomplished until the formal overturning of Plessy by Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. However, it was a giant step forwards for the US civil rights movement, placing the weight of the Federal Judiciary squarely behind the forces of desegregation.

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  • Sarah
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    The Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education decision did not abolish segregation in other public areas, such as restaurants and restrooms, nor did it require desegregation of public schools by a specific time. It did, however, declare the permissive or mandatory segregation that existed in 21 states unconstitutional. It was a giant step towards complete desegregation of public schools. Even partial desegregation of these schools, however, was still very far away, as would soon become apparent The landmark Supreme Court case of Brown v. Board of Education (1954) settled the question of whether or not blacks and whites can receive an education integrated with or separate from each other. The case overturned the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson, which established the doctrine of "separate but equal." This concept stated that separate public facilities of equal quality do not violate the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution.

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  • Anonymous
    9 years ago

    It WAS a suit ruled on by the supreme court making segregation in schools illegal,Nobody discovered it. A group of parents filed a lawsuit on behalf of their children. Some of the kids took buses to a black school two miles away when there was a white school two blocks away that they could not attend due to the color of their skin.

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