what are the significance/implication of the two learning theories below in the teaching-learning process?
1. cognitive development theory--jean piaget
2. socio-cultural theory of development--lev vygotzky
- Anonymous10 years agoFavorite Answer
1. the cognitive development theory is the belief that you are born with a set personality and you have this default personality throughout your lifetime no matter what your environmental background is.
2. the sociocultural theory of development is the belief that there is no such thing as a personality that anyone is born with, but that people's personalities are influenced and created by environmental factors.
it all comes down to the argument of, ''are we born or are we made?''. personally i think it is a mixture of both.
- Anonymous5 years ago
Well, theories of teaching must be based on theories of learning. The point of teaching is that children learn. So, a teacher has to know theories of learning and then teaching models have to be based on methods that will be consistent with how students learn. If you are taking some type of test in education then the learning styles thing is probably a part of the answer that your professor would want. But, truly, there is no research evidence that students have "learning styles" or that teaching to learning styles makes any difference in achievement. Really. But for some reason this seems to remain a popular notion in teacher preparation programs. Reflection is also a popular notion in education right now, and if a teacher thinks about what he or she does in relationship to how children are learning then it is a very good strategy. What is missing is often data about how children are learning. One idea on how teachers can think about learning theories: They all have something to offer. Constructivist theories suggest that kids construct their own knowledge, so you as a teacher need to know what they know before you start teaching, and you need to constantly check to see that their understanding of the material matches what you want them to learn. Cognitive theories are related more to how students learn materials. This can help you to teach students ways to learn effectively (how memory works, how to get information into long-term memory, how to monitor your own learning--meta-cognition). Humanistic theories of learning suggest two things--that the relationship between the teacher and learner is very important, and teachers should work diligently to have a good relationship with students. It also suggests that motivation for learning is internal, and teachers need to sometimes "get out of the way" of learning. Finally, the behavioral theories of learning suggest that the learning environment makes a big difference. Behavioral theories are useful for motivating students to learn, and they have a lot to say about how to teach students material in an organized fashion. At any rate, this is more than you wanted, but hope it is helpful.