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Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 9 years ago

United States – Civil Rights Movement, can anyone help(extremely desperate!!)?

What are some key developments in the struggle for human rights in United States – Civil Rights Movement?

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  • Anonymous
    9 years ago
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    1865: 13th Amendment abolished slavery

    1868: 14th Amendment affirmed citizenship of African Americans; got rid of 3/5 compromise

    1870: 15th Amendment gave voting rights to African American males

    1948: Truman signs Executive Order 9981 (stated that "there shall be equality in treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color...")

    1954: Brown v. Board of Education said separate isn't equal in schools

    1955: Rosa Parks arrested for riding in front of the bus; lead to MLK Jr leading the Montgomery Bus Boycott

    1957: Southern Christian Leadership Conference founded to organize civil rights in a nonviolent way; In Little Rock, Arkansas, the "Little Rock Nine" are prevented from going into school

    1961: "Freedom riders" begin riding buses through the South to protest segregation in interstate travel facilities

    1962: President Kennedy has to send troops to the University of Mississippi because the first black student enrolled there caused violence and riots

    1963: April-MLK Jr. is arrested and writes "Letter from Birmingham Jail"; May-police brutality by Bull Connor in Birmingham, Alabama; April- March on Washington & MLK's "I Have A Dream" speech

    1964: January- Poll tax abolished; July- President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964

    1965: February- Malcolm X is murdered; August- Voting Rights Act of 1965 passed by Congress (easier for Southern blacks to register to vote; literacy tests and poll taxes are made illegal); September- President Johnson issues Executive Order 11246 (enforces affirmative action for the first time)

    1966: Black Panthers founded

    1967: In Loving v. Virginia, prohibiting interracial marriages is deemed unconstitutional

    1968: April 4- MLK Jr. is shot and killed, April 11- President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968

    1991: President Bush signs the Civil Rights Act of 1991

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