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which scientist was involved in the process of making the codon chart?
- Dean M.Lv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
An astronomer George Gamow, proposed that the code has to be made up of at least three bases in order for the four nitrogenous bases to produce the 20 amino acids. If there were just two, there wouldn't be enough unique variations. It was Francis Crick (of "Crick & Watson" fame) and Sidney Brenner that first showed that the DNA "code" was in groups of three bases to make one amino acid.
Marshall Nirenberg and Heinrich Matthaei were the first to identify a codon for protein synthesis. They determined that only phenylalanine was produced if uracil was the only base present in the codon. Severo Ochoa repeated their experiment with only adenine and only cytosine and only lysine and proline were produced, respectively. Phil Leder helped Nirenberg identify the remainder of the codes and the amino acids (or start/stop codons) they produced. Har Gobind Khorana was another scientist involved in the research, and he, along with Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley, won an Nobel Prize for their work.Source(s): http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/... Genetic Code http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/21/us/21nirenberg.h... http://www.dnalc.org/view/16494-Animation-22-DNA-w... http://www.nobel-winners.com/Medicine/har_gobind_k...
- bravozuluLv 71 decade ago
Codons are the code that determines which protein will be formed by three bases in DNA sequences. The science is genetics and it is part of biochemistry and biology.