How was the IWW destroyed?
IWW=industrial workers of the world,
- WMDLv 79 years agoFavorite Answer
The IWW was condemned by politicians and the press, who saw them as a threat to the market systems as well as an effort to monopolize labor at a time when efforts to monopolize industries were being fought as anti-market. Factory owners would employ means both non-violent (sending in Salvation Army bands to drown out speakers) and violent to disrupt their meetings. Members were often arrested and sometimes killed for making public speeches, but this persecution only inspired further militancy.
In spite of the IWW moderating its vocal opposition against the war, the mainstream press and the U.S. Government were able to turn public opinion against the IWW. Frank Little, the IWW’s most outspoken war opponent, was lynched in Butte, Montana in August 1917, just four months after war had been declared. Ralph Chaplin created the image of a black cat in a fighting stance, the IWW’s symbol of sabotage.
The government used World War I as an opportunity to crush the IWW. In September 1917, U.S. Department of Justice agents made simultaneous raids on forty-eight IWW meeting halls across the country. In 1917, one hundred and sixty-five IWW leaders were arrested for conspiring to hinder the draft, encourage desertion, and intimidate others in connection with labor disputes, under the new Espionage Act; one hundred and one went on trial before Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis in 1918.
They were all convicted—even those who had not been members of the union for years—and given prison terms of up to twenty years. Sentenced to prison by Judge Landis and released on bail, Haywood fled to the Soviet Union where he remained until his death. In Centralia, Washington on November 11, 1919, IWW member and army veteran Wesley Everest was turned over to the lynch mob by jail guards, had his teeth smashed with a rifle butt, was castrated, lynched three times in three separate locations, and then his corpse was riddled with bullets before it was disposed of in an unmarked grave. The official coroner’s report listed the victim’s cause of death as “suicide.” Members of the IWW were prosecuted under various State and federal laws and the 1920 Palmer Raids singled out the foreign-born members of the organization.
- John BLv 79 years ago
A popular outcry among most Americans, opposed to communism, and all things European. The 1917 Russia Revolution really scared people, so there was a Red Scare. Also, industrialist got together to push jingoism, Americanism, and patriotism.