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Sally asked in Society & CultureLanguages · 1 decade ago

help please-greek alphabet?

in the Greek alphabet I realize that for sigma there are 3 symbols instead of 2 (uppercase and lowercase) can you explain why there are 3 instead of 2 and say weather or not the third is upper or lowercase?

3 Answers

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  • Jallan
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    The round sigma (σ) and word-final sigma (ς) are both lower-case. If you were to uppercase a word which contains both of them (Ὀδυσσεύς), both of them become Σ (ὈΔΥΣΣΕΎΣ).

    Σ, σ, and ς are considered the same letter, with one upper-case variant and two lower-case variants. In earlier times, before casing was invented, in some handwritings, sigma was written as ϲ and in writing it, for unknown reasons, a stroke was added which turned up in the middle of a word and down at the end of a word which produced the two different modern versions of lowercase sigma.

    The same thing happened in the Latin alphabet. The letter Ess had the capital form S, a lowercase medial form ſ, and a lowercase word-final form s. The medial ſ was replaced by s between 1760 and 1810 in different countries and by different publishers who used what are called Roman fonts, but the distinction was retained in blackletter fonts. It sill appears in the ß digraph used in modern German which descends from ſs.

    See

    http://www.webtopos.gr/eng/languages/greek/alphabe... ,

    http://babelstone.blogspot.com/2006/06/rules-for-l... ,

    http://babelstone.blogspot.com/2006/07/long-and-sh... , and

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%9F .

  • 5 years ago

    you're somewhat perplexed. The Greek alphabet could be transliterated with the Roman alphabet (although that would not consistently provide you the splendid Greek pronunciation). that's not translating, meaning giving the English meaning of Greek words. the 2d letter of the Greek alphabet, to illustrate, is suggested as beta in English. it extremely is the English call for it, no longer what that's suggested as in Greek: veeta.

  • 1 decade ago

    The third is lowercase and is used at the end of a word.

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