definition of collectivism vs Individualism?
Need help creating an argument for collectivism vs individualism
- 10 years agoFavorite Answer
Individualism is the political result of the Protestant Reformation. The theory created the Enlightenment. The last act of the Enlightenment of any great consequence was the Constitution of the United States.
Locke defined "common sovereignty" as that which is entrusted to the government through the consent of those governed. America's Founders figured out that because an individual has the power to give away part of his/her rights to this "common" sovereignty, then he/she already had "individual" sovereignty, which is the conclusive definition of "individualism".
Ayn Rand, echoing Locke, Jefferson, and others, said this about individualism:
"Individualism regards man—every man—as an independent, sovereign entity who possesses an inalienable right to his own life, a right derived from his nature as a rational being. Individualism holds that a civilized society, or any form of association, cooperation or peaceful coexistence among men, can be achieved only on the basis of the recognition of individual rights—and that a group, as such, has no rights other than the individual rights of its members."
Notice the use of her phrase "independent, sovereign entity". "Individual sovereignty was not a peculiar conceit of Thomas Jefferson: It was the common assumption of the day...." http://www.friesian.com/ellis.htm
About collectivism, you might be interested to note that it was Rand herself who popularized the word, by informing the world that all forms of anything that was not of the species "laissez-faire" was, therefore, of the species "collectivism". That includes America's own "mixed-economy", which is a mish-mash of laws that at times are our own version of Marxism or socialism, and laws influenced by the unjust desires of corporations to prevent this collectivist mish-mash from destroying their own industries, or of assisting their industries.
"Collectivism means the subjugation of the individual to a group—whether to a race, class or state does not matter. Collectivism holds that man must be chained to collective action and collective thought for the sake of what is called “the common good.”