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Anonymous asked in Politics & GovernmentPolitics · 10 years ago

Who did most of the work in Dresden during WW2? Britain or USA?

I'm confused either UK or US did most of the work in Dresden so i asked this. Also, why was Dresden considered a war crime despite the fact it was a military target? does international law and the Hague convention allowed bombing of civilians at that time? My friend told me that Hague convention prohibited the use of firebombing of civilians. Anyone explain to me. Thanks!

7 Answers

  • Ray W
    Lv 6
    10 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    Most Of the damage caused in Dresden was caused by the RAF.

    The biggest problem with dealing with the matter of the bombing of Germany is that it is judged against modern morals and standards of behaviour.

    I am not in any way denying the fact that what happened in Dresden was horrific and appalling. I do deny that the men who undertook the mission have any crime to answer for.

    The bombing of an industrialised town from the air in an attempt to destroy its industry or cause such loss of morale amongst its inhabitants that they ceased to work was NOT a crime by the Rules of War in 1945. The bombing of Coventry, London and other British Cities in 1940 and 1941 was also NOT a War Crime.

    In early 1945 the war was far from over. The Allies were still camped outside the borders of Germany, V2 rockets were still falling. The Allies had just fought the battle of the Bulge where the supposedly defeated Germans suddenly punched a huge hole in the Allied lines, German Rocket and Jet aircraft were coming off the production lines and proceeding to rip the hell out of the allied air fleets.

    It was an operation undertaken due to many reasons.

    1. A request from the Russians at the Yalta conference in February

    1945. General Antonov "We want the Dresden railway junction bombed"

    Meeting between the Chiefs of staff as reported by an interpreter. Records kept at the Public Records office in Kew

    2. It was a German base of operations against Marshall Koniev`s left flank as he advanced into Germany. (See above)

    Captured German High Command documents from Berlin in 1945 state that "Dresden is to be fortified as a military strong point, to be held at all costs." These statements are also backed up by decrypts from Ultra at Bletchley Park.

    3. Munitions storage in the old Dresden Arsenal.

    4. Troop reinforcement and transport centre shifting an average 28

    troop trains through the marshaling yards every day. Intelligence from Russian and other sources stored in the Public Records office in Kew

    5. Communications centre. Most of the telephone lines connecting

    High Command to the Eastern front went through Dresden.

    6. Quote from The Dresden Chamber of Commerce 1944. "The work rhythm of Dresden is determined by the needs of our army."

    There were 127 factories in the Dresden Municipal area. The most

    famous of these was Zeiss the celebrated camera and optics maker. In 1945 it was turning out Bomb aiming apparatus and Time fuses. (If you think the Dresden China Works making those lovely shepherdesses are more famous, they are actually made in Meisen 12Km down the River and always have been.)

    A factory that previously made Typewriters and sewing machines was making Guns and ammunition

    The Waffle and Marzipan machine manufacturer was producing torpedoes for the Kriegsmarine and Luftwaffe.

    The arts and crafts workshops in the old town were using their woodworking skills to make the tail assemblies for V-1s.

    Other factories were turning out such non warlike goods as Searchlights, Aircraft components, Field Telephones and 2 way radios.

    "Anyone who knows Dresden only as a cultural city would be very surprised to be made aware of the extensive and versatile activity that make Dresden ONE OF THE FOREMOST INDUSTRIAL LOCATIONS OF THE REICH. (My Capitals)

    Sir Arthur Harris? A Post war exponent of the bombing campaign?

    Nope both wrong.

    It comes from the Dresden City Council Yearbook of 1942.

    The men who carried out these acts did so in the desire to make a world in which their descendants and countrymen, of whom I am one, could live in freedom from persecution and with a freedom to ask questions and form their own opinions. To those of you who feel it necessary to label them war criminals may I ask if you think that you could have asked a similar question under Nazi Germany or Imperial Japan?


    Source(s): 30+ Years of WW2 research and almost as long defending the men who did these things so we may live in peace
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  • 10 years ago

    Both the Royal Air Force and the US Eighth Air Force bombed Dresden. As with most other cities bombed in Germany during WW2, the British bombed at night while the Americans bombed during the day.

    Dresden was not a target until late in the war. And then only because it was a large city that hadn't been really touched yet by bombers. When it was however, it was taken off of the map. Really though Dresden didn't have much, if any, significant military value.

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  • Nik
    Lv 7
    10 years ago

    I really couldn't tell you but it was Britain's policy apparently to bomb German cities it was our job to do that. We attacked 58 German cities main goal was destruction.

    America was also involved in some of these attacks but I think America's main interests lied with Japan and the Philippines.

    I read the below source and it speaks mainly of attacks from Britain but it is wiki so I still am not 100% sure who did most of the work.

    Liberal loser you just completley ripped wikipedia.

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  • 10 years ago

    The Bombing of Dresden was a military bombing by the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and the United States Army Air Force (USAAF) as part of the allied forces between 13 February and 15 February 1945 in the Second World War. In four raids, 1,300 heavy bombers dropped more than 3,900 tons of high-explosive bombs and incendiary devices on the city, the Baroque capital of the German state of Saxony. The resulting firestorm destroyed 15 square miles (39 square kilometres) of the city centre.[1]

    Adam Tooze, the British economic war historian states, "Wreaking havoc on the German home front was the essence of Britain's strategy and the atomic bomb was the ideal weapon for that job. On 7 May 1942, the British cabinet formally agreed that the RAF Bomber Command was to destroy 58 of Germany's largest towns and cities."[2] It was Britain's policy to destroy German cities. This was well known. The River Rhine was not crossed until 23 March 1945, after the Dresden raid. German V rockets were dropping on London and Antwerp at the time of raid.

    A 1953 United States Air Force report written by Joseph W. Angell defended the operation as the justified bombing of a military and industrial target, which was a major rail transportation and communication centre, housing 110 factories and 50,000 workers in support of the Nazi war effort.[3] Against this, several researchers have argued that not all of the communications infrastructure, such as the bridges, were in fact targeted, nor were the extensive industrial areas outside the city centre.[4] It has been argued that Dresden was a cultural landmark of little or no military significance, a "Florence on the Elbe," as it was known, and the attacks were indiscriminate area bombing and not proportionate to the commensurate military gains.[5][6]

    In the first few decades after the war, some death toll estimates were as high as 250,000, which are now considered unreasonable.[7][8][9] An independent investigation commissioned by the city council in 2010 reported a minimum of 22,700 victims with a maximum total number of fatalities of 25,000.[10]

    In direct comparison with the bombing of Hamburg in 1943, which created one of the greatest firestorms raised by the RAF and United States Army Air Force,[11] killing roughly 50,000 civilians in Hamburg and practically destroying the entire city, and the bombing of Pforzheim in 1945, killing roughly 18,000 civilians,[12] the bombing raids over Dresden were not the most severe of World War II. However, they continue to be recognised as one of the worst examples of civilian suffering caused by strategic bombing, and have become exposed among the moral causes célèbres of the Second World War.[13] Post-war discussion, popular legends, historical revisionism and Cold War propaganda of the bombing includes debate by commentators, officials and historians as to whether or not the bombing was justified, and whether its outcome constituted a war crime.

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  • Anonymous
    10 years ago

    I thought it was the Germans, trying to put the fires out.

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  • Anonymous
    10 years ago

    Not Cons.

    The LIBERAL John Paul Stevens is the only recent justice who DID serve full time, (in the Navy during the 3 worst years of WW II), while the moderate Anthony Kennedy was a member of the California Army National Guard for a year (1961).

    Republican chickenhawk Mouthpieces :

    Rush Limbaugh – sought deferment (because of a cyst on his tail end).

    Ben Stein, actor, comedian, commentator, activistm etc.

    (Rush's conservative brother) David Limbaugh: did not serve.

    George Will – sought graduate school deferment, (too smart to die).

    Pat Buchanan – sought deferment (for bad knee).

    Pat Robertson – his US Senator father got him out of Korea as soon as the shooting began.

    John Wayne obtained deferments (but to his credit, it was for good, not superficial, reasons

    Source(s): George W. Bush – used his family connections (what else is new?!?) to get into the Air National Guard and then "deserted" his post for two years. but still got an "Honorable Discharge
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  • 10 years ago

    I know Billy Pilgrim was from the USA so I'm guessing The USA. So it goes.

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