What is the difference between creationism and intelligent design theory?
Do proponents of creationism use different methods from those of intelligent design? If so, what are the differences? Do they arrive at different answers?
- LynieLv 49 years agoFavorite Answer
Unlike creationism, intelligent design is based on science, not sacred texts.
Creationism is focused on defending a literal reading of the Genesis account, usually including the creation of the earth by the Biblical God a few thousand years ago. Unlike creationism, the scientific theory of intelligent design is agnostic regarding the source of design and has no commitment to defending Genesis, the Bible or any other sacred text. Instead, intelligent design theory is an effort to empirically detect whether the "apparent design" in nature observed by biologists is genuine design (the product of an organizing intelligence) or is simply the product of chance and mechanical natural laws. This effort to detect design in nature is being adopted by a growing number of biologists, biochemists, physicists, mathematicians, and philosophers of science at American colleges and universities. Scholars who adopt a design approach include biochemist Michael Behe of Lehigh University, microbiologist Scott Minnich at the University of Idaho, and mathematician William Dembski at Baylor University.Source(s): http://www.discovery.org/a/1329
- 9 years ago
Well, I'm going to throw a third term out there for you as well, because I think it will actually bring more clarity to the issue for you. That term is "creation science."
Creationism, intelligent design, and creation science, each work under different epistemological frameworks. Therefore, while they overlap each other, each has its own set of characteristics and limitations.
Creationism is based on the epistemological system we call "revealed knowledge." Revealed knowledge is basically a fancy way of saying second-hand knowledge. It's where you couldn't observe something yourself, but you have information from a trustworthy source. So each of the major monotheistic religions believe in some form of Creationism, because we believe God has revealed this information to us. No one who knows what they're talking about would ever confuse this with scientific knowledge.
Intelligent design is a philosophical system. It claims that if we examine the natural world around us, we can logically conclude that the natural world shows a pattern of characteristics that are most likely to be a product of design, rather than a product of random chance.
Creation science is a system of thought that attempts to understand creationism in a scientific way. The problem is that there are a broad range of views and approaches within creation science. Some of these are highly credible, but others are farcical. For example, it is legitimate within creation science to point to the fact of a catastrophic flood story existing in almost every culture, then examine the geological record to see if there is support for it; but some people go way beyond what science can demonstrate, make all kinds of wild claims, then insist that it's still science. This has given creation science a bad reputation, and has led to an academic climate where it is difficult for creationists to do legitimate scientific research.
Much of what used to be called creation science has now been reclassified as intelligent design, in recognition of the fact that many of the most credible arguments in creation science were really best classified as philosophical arguments all along.
One noteworthy characteristic of intelligent design and good creation science is that they are religion-neutral, while creationism and bad creation science are not. Intelligent design is, at its core, an attempt by reputable creationists to properly separate the different kinds of epistemology so that the creation question can be discussed in a religiously neutral way. There are even agnostics who believe in the merits of intelligent design as a philosophy, because it does not demand a religious belief, but merely interprets data.
- Anonymous9 years ago
Well, it goes hand in hand and not sure what the difference might be unless someone wants to believe in one without the other, but don't see how that is possible. God certainly created everything with intelligent design at the time he was calling forth the creation. He had to have these things in his mind in order to bring them about.
- Anonymous9 years ago
I believe the answer lies in the generally accepted definition of the terms.
It is my opinion that Intelligent Design believes that a form of life greater than humanity (God) is responsible for the creation of all things.
Creationism, believes the same as above, however applies a stricter time-line to the creation.
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- seajayLv 69 years ago
Creationism: God created everything in six days, & rested on the 7th. The earth is around 6,000 years old. Humans started with Adam & Eve.
Intelligent design: God created everything via evolutionary methods. Created matter is billions of years old. Humans are 2 or 3 million years in existence.
- Anonymous9 years ago
Only in America the Intelligent Design and Creation were ban from school. That was why most American children can easily be programmed to fit their agenda of animism.
- Chloé L.Lv 69 years ago
I believe that Intelligent Design is one form of Creationism. Not all creationists believe in the biblical version.
- JaMieLv 79 years ago
well ID is the theory that the Earth was created billions of years ago and God started the ball of evolution rolling. I don't believe in this but you know i can see why people could possibly feel this is correct
Creationism is the dis-proven theory that Earth is like 6000 years old or something and God sat Adam and Eve down literally. The Christians that believe in this theory are usually the more aggressive onesSource(s): Atheist
- Hound Dog ManLv 49 years ago
When the term Creationism was getting beat down the fundies changed it to Intelligent Design in a continuing effort to substitute thinly disguised religion as science in public schools.
- James OLv 79 years ago
Forms of ID are compatible with evolution but Creationism is not