Sabrina asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 10 years ago

Was Lebanon founded by a treaty or by a war?

I'm doing a research project and am trying to figure out which way Lebanon was founded, by treaty or war. Thank you for your help!

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  • Alessa
    Lv 5
    10 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    Hello,

    If you are talking about actual Lebanon, the answer is by treaty since Lebanon gained independence in 1943, while France was occupied by Germany. General Henri Dentz, the Vichy High Commissioner for Syria and Lebanon, played a major role in the independence of both nations. The Vichy authorities in 1941 allowed Germany to move aircraft and supplies through Syria to Iraq where they were used against British forces. Britain, fearing that Nazi Germany would gain full control of Lebanon and Syria by pressure on the weak Vichy government, sent its army into Syria and Lebanon.

    After the fighting ended in Lebanon, General Charles de Gaulle visited the area. Under various political pressures from both inside and outside Lebanon, de Gaulle decided to recognize the independence of Lebanon. On November 26, 1941, General Georges Catroux announced that Lebanon would become independent under the authority of the Free French government. Elections were held in 1943 and on November 8, 1943 the new Lebanese government unilaterally abolished the mandate. The French reacted by throwing the new government into prison. In the face of international pressure, the French released the government officials on November 22, 1943 and accepted the independence of Lebanon. The allies kept the region under control until the end of World War II. The last French troops withdrew in 1946.

    Lebanon's history from independence has been marked by alternating periods of political stability and turmoil interspersed with prosperity built on Beirut's position as a freely trading regional center for finance and trade. Beirut became a prime location for institutions of international commerce and finance, as well as wealthy tourists, and enjoyed a reputation as the "Paris of the Middle East" until the outbreak of the Lebanese Civil War.

  • Anonymous
    10 years ago

    well a war doesn't found countries. wars are fights between countries. or within a single country. a treaty is like a contract between countries or groups of people. so i bet it was a treaty that officially founded the country. probably after a war had just ended.

    Source(s): I lived through most of the earths history.
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