Anonymous asked in Science & MathematicsBotany · 1 decade ago

Describe the main steps of General Procedure for Testing Hypothesis.?

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1 Answer

  • 10 years ago
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    1) Observe, gather information about your topic completely objectively without trying to explain anything, THEN formulate a hypothesis which seems to explain everything you have observed. Then you can test your hypothesis.

    A good hypothesis will not only explain things, but will also have predictive value. By using these predictions, formulate experiments designed to test how accurate these predictions are. For example, after observing sunspots for a few decades you might notice they seem to occur in 11 year cycles. You could turn this into a hypothesis describing the nature of these cycles, then use it to predict these apparent cycles would continue with future observation: a very simple example.

    You need to then perform your experiment in as objective a manner as you possibly can: control as many variables as you can, so you are only testing the relationship you are actually trying to, and be very rigorous and honest with all measurements and observations.

    If enough experiments or further observation supports your hypothesis, and if others can easily replicate your results (if only you get supportive results, it looks VERY suspicious and people tend not to believe you....), then it comes to be called a "theory", which is a well-supported hypothesis. It never gets promoted to the level of "fact"..... gravity is still referred to as a "theory".

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