History of the bible. Question at the end.?
What do you think of this?
The first bible was written in Latin, not a language everyone could speak. And the church didn't want people to get there own interpretations from the bible. So priests spoke to the masses and convinced them this was the word of god. The literacy rate was about 10% and the bible was forbidden to be translated or owned in English and if you were caught with one you would be put to death.
John Wycliffe translated the bible from Latin to English in 1382. The Council of Constance declared Wycliffe (on 4 May 1415) a stiff-necked heretic and under the ban of the Church. It was decreed that his books be burned and his remains be exhumed. The exhumation was carried out in 1428 when, at the command of Pope Martin V, his remains were dug up, burned, and the ashes cast into the River Swift, which flows through Lutterworth.
William Tyndale reproduced the bible from Hebrew (OT) and Greek (NT) to English and he was hunted down by the church and needed to flee the country. On October 15th 1536 he was strangled and burned at the stake. Just for translating a book!
In 1611 it was mass produced and legal to own by King James.
Do these facts about the bible change your outlook on the people who controlled it when it was first written?
- HogieLv 79 years agoFavorite Answer
Your first claim is false. The first bible was not written in Latin. The books of the Bible were first written in Hebrew, Chaldean, and Greek. Latin versions are later.
The facts here demonstrate the true nature of that church that held that level of control over people before the reformation era. The Protestant churches that arose were not much better. Fortunately, one's salvation is not dependent upon a church or one's membership with one.
- imacatholic2Lv 79 years ago
Your facts need to be corrected. The first Bible was not written in Latin. The original Old Testament is written in Hebrew and the original New Testament was written in Greek.
St Jerome translated these texts into Latin.
The Catholic Church condemned Wycliffe's and Tyndale's English translations because they had mistranslated the texts in order to promote heretical views. Here is an interesting article about the subject: http://www.catholic.com/thisrock/2002/0212fea3.asp
Tyndale was tried on a charge of heresy in 1536, found guilty, condemned to death (heresy was a capital crime), and executed by the English government, not the Catholic Church.
There were already several well translated English Bibles available for those few who could read. See "Where We Got the Bible" by Henry Graham (a Scotch Presbyterian minister), Chapter 11, "Abundance of Vernacular Scriptures before Wycliff": http://www.catholicapologetics.info/apologetics/pr... XI
Even today, the Catholic Church reviews Bible translations and approves those that are well translated for use by the Catholic faithful.
With love in Christ.
- Anonymous9 years ago
1) Do these facts about the bible change your outlook on the people who controlled it when it was first written?
No - because some of the claimed "facts" are clearly nothing more than unsubstantiatable opinion.
a) The first bible was written in Latin, not a language everyone could speak.
So - which language is it that everyone can speak? Your first sentence displays clear bias.
b) And the church didn't want people to get there own interpretations from the bible.
[b-1] Which church?
[b-2] How do you know this?
c) the bible was forbidden to be translated or owned in English
At the time of the creation of the Bible, English did not exist. Perhaps you should explain the 1000+ year time jump to the point in time when it was a capital offense to translate the Bible into English *without permission* (and permission WAS given when that law was enacted).
d) he was hunted down by the church
Actually, by the English authorities and, eventually, the authorities of the Holy Roman Empire. Though naturally the Roman Catholic Church was eager to put a stop to his heretical translation, in fact it was the English (not Roman Catholic) law prohibiting the translation of the Bible into English without permission that resulted in Tyndale's execution.
e) In 1611 it was mass produced and legal to own by King James.
In 1535 it was mass-produced and legal to own by order of King Henry VIII - the same king whose law Tyndale had to flee and whose law caused Tyndale's death. In 1537 another English Bible was mass-produced and legal to own, also under Henry VIII. In 1539 another English Bible was mass-produced and legal to own, also under Henry VIII. In 1560 another English Bible was mass-produced and was not only legal to own, but in Scotland was *mandatory* to own under King James (yes - that same King James). In 1572 another English Bible was mass-produced and was legal to own. In 1582 another English Bible was mass-produced - but it was not legal to own. It was the first English Roman Catholic Bible, the Rheims New Testament. The publishers were forced to flee for their lives (much as Tyndale had been previously, on the continent), and it was not until 1610 that they were able to publish the Old Testament - even though it, too, had been completed in 1582.
Do these facts about the Bible change your outlook on the people who controlled it when it was first *printed*?
- PaulCypLv 79 years ago
The Bible was originally written in Greek (New Testament) and Hebrew (Old Testament). The Catholic Church (the Church that compiled the Bible from its own writings in the first place) didn't translate the Bible into Latin until Latin had become the universal language of educated people throughout the known world. Anyone who could read at all could read Latin, and those who were uneducated couldn't read at all. Therefore, by translating the Bible into Latin, the Church ensured that anyone who could read would be able to read the Bible, regardless of their nationality. In addition to Latin, the Catholic Church had translated the Bible into 14 other languages, including English, before Tyndale and Luther were born. What are YOU reading? Chick Publications?
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- pehrsonLv 43 years ago
They exceeded over WAAAAY better subject concerns than this single, rather obscure passage. the only that irked me optimal is the destruction of John 6 they did to appease Protestants. The Lord's Supper replaced into additionally horrendous. 2 Kings is the terrific of their concerns.
- CFLv 79 years ago
By keeping the Bible in the hands of the clergy, the Catholic Church could control the masses with false teachings. Among the foremost of these false teachings and the actions linked to them, we can cite:
. the sale of indulgences
. the pagan teaching that God is a mysterious trinity
. hell fire to keep the masses in morbid fear
.teaching that man has an immortal soul.
Unfortunately, Protestantism came to complain about the sale of indulgences but didn´t get rid of the false teachings of the trinity, hell fire and the immortality of the soul.
Compare what the Bible says about God:
And this is eternal life, that they know you THE ONLY TRUE GOD, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent. (John 17:3) (English Standard Version (©2001)
What is hell:
People are wrong when they think of hell as a place of torment. The word translated "hell" in fact means "the common grave of mankind." It comes from the Hebrew 'sheol' and the Greek 'hades'.
"...because you will not abandon me to THE GRAVE, nor will you let your Holy One see decay." (Psalm 16:10) New International Version (©1984)
"For you will not abandon my soul to SHEOL, or let your holy one see corruption." (Psalm 16:10)
English Standard Version (©2001)
"For thou wilt not leave my soul in HELL; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption."
(Psalm 16:10) (King James Bible)
So HELL is the COMMON GRAVE of mankind.
Is man mortal or immortal?
Behold, all souls are mine, as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the SOUL that sins SHALL DIE. Ezekiel 18:4 (King James Bible)
ISN´T IT MUCH BETTER TO VERIFY THE TRUTH IN OUR BIBLES THAN TO TRUST IN PRIESTS, PASTORS, CLERGY, SHEPHERDS WHO TEACH US LIES?Source(s): Bible The Man in Search for God, chapter 11 (Watchtower Bible and Tract Society) Awake and The Watchtower magazines