Why was the electric car made?
or factors that occurred to encourage the creation of the electric car.
- 9 years agoFavorite Answer
"1834: Thomas Davenport invents the battery electric car. Or possibly Robert Anderson of Scotland (between 1832 and 1839). Using nonchargeable batteries." http://electricandhybridcars.com/index.php/pages/e... At the time the only alternative was a steam car also in early development, rail transportation and the horse and carriage. Petrol and diesel powered vehicles were not invented until later.
By 1900 there were more steam and electric cars on the roads than petrol vehicles. Electric cars were favored in cities by their ease of operation and as an alternative to another pollution problem. In NYC alone more than 10,000 dead horses had to be removed from the city streets each year. But by 1910 the petrol vehicle had become an electric "hybrid" with the new electric starter and became the dominate vehicle.
Small numbers of electric vehicles have been built over the next 80 years, the largest fleet may have been English milk delivery trucks: http://www.milkfloats.org.uk/
By around 1989 GM had won a Solar electric car race in Australia and designers were challenged in house to build an electric car. The result was the prototype called "Impact." It was on display in California. After one display to the California Air Resources Board (1) The GM official quipped "I hope you are not going to make us manufacture this vehicle." That is exactly what CARB did. Seeing that a Zero Emissions Vehicle was technically not only possible but already prototyped they wrote the law requiring a small percentage of each manufacturers vehicles should be ZEV. It became known as the ZEV mandate. Car manufacturers complied and sued CARB as a board and individually. The tactic worked and at a hearing 2003 where they essentially ignored cries to keep the ZEV mandate they modified it and the manufacturers promptly collected and crushed their vehicles.2
GM sold the rights to the NM HI battery to Chevron who refused to allow its use in a "pure" electric vehicle. But they were used in all the hybrids and proved very durable in the RAV4ev. A great deal of misinformation about EV was published. The "Oil" president of the US called for "hydrogen cars." (Hydrogen is mostly made from fossil fuels.)
Then came 2008 and gas prices went through the roof. Suddenly peak oil and global warming seemed like very good reasons to put electric vehicles on the road. Every manufacturer had in the development or prototype an electric car. The 2006 Tesla roadster eliminated the question any question if electric cars could be made fast. Corporations are less motivated by adverse publicity and so cautiously begin to embrace electrics for their delivery fleets due to the savings in operating costs. Electric cars were not "killed" and did not die but their widespread introduction and expansion into the marketplace was delayed by 10 more years.Source(s): 1 CARB predates the forming of the US EPA by around 3 years and has overlapping areas of interest. 2 http://www.wired.com/autopia/2008/03/the-californi...
- RhondaLv 44 years ago
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You want to look them up yourself? OK. Let me know if you need references. Off hand, there are many domestic made neighborhood electric vehicles. Prices are from around $5000 to about $25000. There are several companies making solar electric vehicles. These also tend to be low speed and rather small. The Tango is a kit car presently awaiting more funding. It proves that a car can zip along on lead acid batteries. There is an X car company with an inflatable vehicle. They are pushing the safety aspect but don't want to produce the vehicles. They are looking for funding and hoping to license the idea. There is a company located in the NW that deserves special mention only because of their association with EEstor the mysterious ultracapacitor startup. They are the Light Electric Vehicle company. One thing you might include in your research is all the companies that initially signed up a vehicle for the Progressive Ins Automotive X prize. Part of the requirements was that the concept vehicle was moving towards or currently in production. Some electric vehicles have not yet been introduced to the market but are very close like the Aptera. And of course everyone knows of the Tesla Motor Company and their Roadster.
- 6 years ago
it seems that women had a preference to electric cars because they were quiet and made with luxury in mind . Also Jay Leno ex American talk show host and car collector has an early electric car and it has original batteries and charging system which operates perfectly as it did when new ( modern batteries just cant compare to that sort of life span ) Yes electric power was rethought in a answer to the pollution and lack of fossil fuels in the near future . The reintroduction to electric or hybrid vehicles is very clever as the charging system is built into the braking system so when brakes are applied this charges the batteries or helps to do so . mixing fuel and electric gives an alternative to help with pollutants and fuel usage plus electric motors when they are used at full power give maximum torque the instant they are engaged unlike conventional fuel motors which reach max torque after a climbing of the revs . The main draw back with electric is holding a good charge that can be used for hours at a time as well as the weight of batteries and there size . Its only that nearly all car manufactures are involved in the hybrid process that they will over come the disadvantages and come up with a perfect solution .F1 racing cars have been set new rules and the total motor config has changed no more loud screaming F1 cars smaller motors but are near same lap times using much less fuel its all part of the big picture . Things are changing to accommodate the lack of fuel in the future..With early cars the making of petrol fuel was a difficult process as is today with a lot of expense in extracting and processing look at oil rigs in the ocean not cheap. Claims are made of motors that run on water or methane gas , rotting vegetables or human poo lolol And to think that all the fuel we have pulled from the earth which is millions of years old and came from ancient forests and dead animals has been running cars in there billions for years as well as industry etc By the way some naval submarines use plutonium I think and can remain at sea for 20 years with out having to refuel so is plutonium the best kept secret ?
- Anonymous9 years ago
I presume as an alternative to fossil fuel cars since that is nearly running out.
back in the day getting oil up to the surface meant a lot of manpower and without the technology like we know today it was a daunting task that cost a lot of lives. also the quantities werent al that great.
that may be a big factor but i'm sure there are tons of factors.
perhaps you could watch the documentary: who killed the electric car?
it has a lot of inside and it will explain you why they aren't everywhere today!
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- Ed SmurfLv 69 years ago
Some of the first cars built were electric. The basic idea of the electric car is nothing new.
- 9 years ago
To avoid using petrol - which is derived from oil - which is going to run out at some point I guess - also to have a cleaner environment as there will be no exhaust fumes produced by an electric car
- 4 years ago
Tesla motors That is a nice car. Everything else on the market is just a big golf cart not a car.
- Anonymous9 years ago
To stop relying on the middle east for oil.
- northwoods57Lv 59 years ago
an experiment! by GM
great idea, as long as its regenerative, similar to the prius!
plug in as good, but relies on the existing grid.
good only for big cities!